Mgt 415: Group Behavior in Organizations
May 3, 2010
А well-managed organization needs adequate talent to achieve its goals. In addition, organizational leaders need to understand the individuals that are working for the organization. By learning how the behavior and culture of individuals affects the organization, leaders and organizations move one step closer to success. Organizational behavior is а field of study devoted to understanding individual and group behavior, and organizational dynamics. Organizational behavior leadership roles are essential to meeting the challenges and ambiguity that confront today’s organizations. Factors that influence the effectiveness of an organization are globalization, cultural diversity, technology advancement, competition, resources, instant communication, and а profusion of information. The key areas of organizational behavior are understanding individual and group behavior pattern and attitudes. Organizational behavior examines organizations and the individuals who make up the organization. The expressions or terms like organizational behavior, organizational culture, diversity, communication, organizational effectiveness and efficiency, and organizational learning will be defined in this paper. Group Dynamics
One of the classifications that can be applied to а team is that it is а group of people. Group dynamics is defined as “the interacting forces within a small human group” (Merriam-Webster). These interactions are а critical part of the success of any team. Fortunately, it is а part that team leaders can influence (Johnson). There are three main workings which can influence the way team members interact with each other: diversity, communications, and goals. Understanding how these components affect а team allows а leader to moderate their influence. The dynamics of а team mostly affect its
internal goals, but can influence how the team is perceived by others (Myers). We can identify the dynamics of a group by looking at the strategy of recruitment, determining leadership qualities and seeing the impact that diversity has on the successfulness of a group or team (Johnson). How diversity affects the dynamics of teams can be а complex question. To date, research proposes that diverse groups are inclined to be more creative as well as perform better on problem solving tasks than homogeneous groups, but they also appear to have fewer levels of social integration as well as higher turnover than homogeneous groups (Johnson). Communication is а very important part of а team. Effective communication maximizes the performance of the team. Team members must communicate their ideas and complaints for the team to work properly. All team members must participate to get the most productivity possible. Team members that are able to communicate their ideas and disagreements quickly help the team to make decisions and correct problems more efficiently. When team members are working on а goal they are all mutually accountable for achieving а common objective. Team dynamics plays an important role in achieving goals. The team will have to rely on each other for information, expertise, resources, and so on so that they can achieve their goal. The team also needs to concentrate on and achieve together the team goal. Developing trust, а common vision and ability to work well together will help the team to accomplish their objective. This is very important in the agency that I currently work at. At Catholic Charities in Somerville, Massachusetts, everyone needs to work as a team because the goal is all inclusive. The goal is to provide quality childcare and services to those who are at the lower end of the financial spectrum and need help. This includes those who are recently unemployed, new
immigrants legally in the country, and children who are in the states care that need child care. In many...