Ebony M Stewart
Introduction to Groups and Teams in the Contemporary Organization
A team is small number of people with similar skills who are committed to a common purpose, set of performance goals and approaches which they hold themselves equally accountable. A group is a number of peoples, usually reporting to a common superior who have some degree of interdependency in carrying out task for the purpose of achieving organization goals. Various people often use the terms group and team within the same conversation, but there are differences in the real world business settings. Some of the differences which can be discussed in detailed are: The vitality of the team relies on the fact that the members of a team have similarities in their purpose and a connection among the individual members, however the group is larger in number and its strength is largely based off the ability to follow guidance/instruction from its leader. Team and Group Processes
When it comes to group formation and development, it is done in four stages. The first stage is forming, in this stage the team is formed and members meet. They learn what the group opportunities and challenges will be. Individual members may be confused about their role or not understand the need for the group. Members will agree on goals and assign actions for work. Ground rules or guidelines are established. The second stage is called storming. During this stage, individual expression of ideas occurs and there is open conflict between members. Members tend to focus on details rather than the issues and compete for influence. Low trust amongst the members is evident in this stage.
The third stage is called norming. In this stage, the team develops work habits that support group rules and values. They use established tools and methods; exhibit good behaviors; mutual trust, motivation, and open communication increases; positive teamwork and group focus is apparent. The group relationship grows and individual characteristics are understood and apparently utilized. The groups leader continues to encourage participation and professionalism amongst team members. The fourth and final stage is performing. For this stage, the group shows high-levels of loyalty, participation, motivation, and group decision-making. Knowledge sharing, cross-training, and interdependence increases. The group is self-directing in development of plans and strategy to meet their goals and carry out work. Personal growth and sharing is encouraged throughout membership. The leader becomes a facilitator aiding the team in communication processes and helping if they revert to a prior stage.
A norm is a rule or standard considered to acceptable behavior in a group or in society. Norms are important because functional or dysfunctional they are accepted behaviors by which a group will operated. Group norms often develop unconsciously or gradually over time. They are created by mutual influence and develop through interactions of the group members. Even though people obey group norms they may be unable to articulate them. Power is the capacity to influence the attitudes or behavior of others. It is a relationship between two parties (which could be individuals, groups, organizations, or even countries) that serves to define the interactions of the parties. Organizational politics is the process of one person exerting influence over another. Politics is the exchange relationship as acted out in the day-to-day forum of the organization. Politics and influence depends on the power relationship between the parties involved.
Conflict in organizations occurs when an influence attempt is resisted, likely because of different preferences or goals of the parties involved, or because the influence would change the power dynamics between the parties involved. A homogeneous group refers...