With an increase in the number of teenage girls in this country at risk for delinquency on the rise, the authors of the exploratory study developed a group counseling intervention strategy that focused on holistic wellness. The Smith-Adcock, Webster, Leonard, and Walker (2008) defined holistic wellness by focusing on the the Wheel of Wellness model developed by Myers, Sweeney, and Witmer (p. 112). The model focuses on five main aspects of wellness: self-direction, work and leisure, friendship, love, with spirituality at the core.
The purpose of the study was to examine how girls at risk for delinquency understand the concepts of wellness listed above and how the group intervention would increase their knowledge and understanding. The authors developed an 8 session group counseling model. Each session lasting one hour, meeting twice a week for 4 weeks. In addition to group discussion art therapy techniques, relaxation techniques, and meditation were also used.
The participants in the study were female students at an alternative school in the southeastern part of the US. Students at the school were referred for various reasons such as mental health issues, teen pregnancy, suspension and expulsion from previous schools. Participants in this study came from the the 9th and 10th grade and had to bring back a signed permission from their guardians to participate. The final group consisted of 10 girls (ages 13-17, both European American and African American). During the study, 2 girls left the school, so they ended with 8 girls after the 8 sessions (Smith Adcock et al., p. 114)
An assessment based on the Wheel of Wellness model called the ‘Wellness Evaluation of Lifestyle inventory as well as an open-ended questionnaire was taken by each of the participants prior to and after completing the sessions. In addition, the sessions were taped so that the authors could review.
The authors used the data from...