Group Cohesiveness

Topics: Group, Transition metal, Period 5 element Pages: 9 (2455 words) Published: February 3, 2013


Table of Contents

2.Literature Review4
3.Hypothesis and Research Design5
4.Data Collection and Collation6
5.Hypothesis Testing8

We are thankful to a lot of people for all the cooperation and support they extended, without which this project would not have been possible. We are grateful to our Organizational Behaviour - II Professor Manish Singhal, for giving us the opportunity to work on this project, and for all his guidance in his course lectures. We are thankful to our teaching assistants Gaurav Marathe and Madhu Bala for their constant feedback. A huge thank you to our entire batch! They are last, certainly not least. They helped us with all the patient sittings for interviews, surveys and questionnaires. Thank you all of you, without you none of this would have been possible.

18th November, 2012

1. Introduction
Cohesion can be broadly defined as the tendency of a group to stay unified while working towards a goal and satisfying the emotional needs of its members. It affects levels of participation in a group, conformity to norms and emphasis on goals accomplished. Cohesion has multiple dimensions which changes over time in terms of strength and starts when a group is formed. The bonds that link group members are not formed spontaneously. They lie in the task commitment and the interpersonal attraction that exists among group members. Cohesion can also be seen in group pride. In sporting activities, it is seen that performance successes facilitate feelings of greater cohesion and satisfaction. Similarly, cohesion itself also results in a greater sense of satisfaction. The measurement of cohesion is in terms of mutual positive feelings that exist for members. Certain factors like ethnic diversity and external competition also have a positive correlation with group cohesiveness. If an individual has a sense of belonging and has committed himself to team goals, satisfaction will also be gained from the process of combined effort. In turn, this provides a source of satisfaction and the subsequent feelings of worth can provide motivation to carry on. This cyclical effect is highly desirable; however it is difficult to measure individual factors without considering the effect of others. Coaches often try to open channels of communication tying to address conflict whenever it arises and discussing positive aspects of a performance before the negative. They also develop pride and a collective identity by setting realistic goals with the team and gain their commitment by involving them in the process. Formations of cliques are also avoided by random assignment of members for training exercises. Similar factors affect all group activities. Cohesion can thus be used by managers for increasing participation. Since cohesion is dynamic, it is capable of change, growth and improvement. In this project the individual need for belonging and the individual need for power will be correlated to the level of perceived cohesion in a study group. Gender and ethnic diversity shall also be used to confirm the hypotheses offered about the impact on group cohesion.

2. Literature Review
“Coming together is a beginning, Keeping together is progress, and Working together is success.” - Henry Ford A formal definition of group cohesiveness is, "The resultant of all the forces acting on members to remain in the group." [1]. In other words, group cohesiveness is the 'stick togetherness' of the group, it’s the peanut butter.  It is responsible for holding the group together. In this study, we...
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