SUBJECT CODE — MGT512 MANAGEMENT PRACTICES & ORGANISATION BEHAVIOUR
SUBMITTED TO— MALIKA RANI
(LECTURER LSB ) SUBMITTED BY -- ANUPAM KUMAR , MBA
ROLL.NO –RR10002B44 REG.NO. 11005012
INTRODUCTION TO GROUP BEHAVIOUR
What are Groups?
Two or more individuals, interacting and Interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives Group Behaviour :- Group behaviour emanates from the causes that contribute to the group’s effectiveness. * The well structured, well defined role and status hierarchy, able leadership, well developed norms and strong cohesiveness a group has, the greater is the groupthink. * Groupthink is defined as “the deterioration of mental efficiency, reality testing, and moral judgement in the interest of group solidarity.”
As groups function and interact with other groups, they develop their own unique set of characteristics including structure, cohesiveness, roles, norms and processes. As a result, groups may cooperate or compete with other groups, and intergroup
Most of people define the effectiveness as getting job done. The definition of group effectiveness is boarder it can be measured in three fold--- Productivity, satisfaction and capacity to continued co-operation. These three criteria are inter related to each other and interdependent. All three point shows the long-term group effectiveness. PRODUCTIVITY—Does the output of group meet the standards of the people who have to use it ? (both in terms of quantity and quality) This output can meet one’s internal standards of excellence and any external, relevant standards used in a company, industry, by customers, etc. Most people can identify with times when they have gotten the job done but have not met the expectations and standards they must to stay in business or keep their jobs. In other words, the product of the group’s work must meet or exceed standards of quantity and quality defined by the organization. SATISFACTION - Are the members of the group enjoying working together? Are they facilitated their long term growth and development? Does the group experience contribute to the wellbeing of its members? If it does not, members will leave and group will cease to exist. CO-OPERATION-- Does the work experience enable team members to learn and stay open to learning in the future? Many times groups have worked together and been productive but by the end of the experience they never want to see or work with the members of that group again. Group members describe feeling drained, angry, or invalidated in the group process. OBJECTIVES OF GROUP EFFECTIVENESS
The following are the main objective of group effectiveness-- Positive interdependence: members understand that they must learn together to accomplish the goal; they need each other for support, explanations, and guidance.
Individual accountability: the performance of each group member is assessed against a standard, and members are held responsible for their contribution to achieving goals.
Promotive interaction: students interact face-to-face and close together, not across the room.
Group processing: groups reflect on their collaborative efforts and decide on ways to improve effectiveness.
Development of small- group interpersonal skills: these skills, such as giving constructive feedback, reaching consensus, and involving every member, are necessary for effective group functioning. They must be taught and practiced before the groups tackle a learning task.
Thus an effective group should...