Gross Domestic Product and Malawi Borders Zambia

Topics: Malawi, Hastings Banda, Bakili Muluzi Pages: 4 (1560 words) Published: November 27, 2007
Malawi is a landlocked, densely populated country located in Sub-Saharan Africa. Malawi borders Zambia to the northwest, Mozambique surrounds it on the east, south, and west, and Tanzania borders to the north. According to the Index of Economic Freedom 2007, which ranks countries based upon ten different freedoms, Malawi is ranked number 106 out of 157. Although Malawi is not the worst off country, there are many reasons to explain why Malawi's economy is unstable and is ranked as one of the world's least developed countries. The country has been faced with terrible government corruption, a low Human Development Index due to a low life expectancy rate, literacy and enrollment rate, a low GDP per capita, limitations of its geographic location, and widespread disease. One of the reasons that can explain why Malawi is in such a poor economic state is due to their government corruption. After Malawi was given independence from Britain in the late 1960's, the authoritarian rule of Dr. Hastings K. Banda began and went on for over three decades. In 1966 Banda became the prime minister, or "dictator", of Malawi and during that year he declared his party, the Malawi Congress Party, the only legal party which everyone was required to belong to. Every adult citizen was given a party card and was required to carry it at all times and show it during random police checks. He was quoted saying "one party, one leader, one government, and no nonsense about it" ("Malawi"). Then in 1971, Banda was declared by his party the MCP, "His Excellency the Life President of the Republic of Malawi, Ngwazi Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda", which further consolidated his authoritarian rule ("Hastings Banda"). Although Kanda promised civil rights and liberties, it never happened, almost every aspect in the Malawi people's lives were monitored and controlled by the government. To start, in every building it was required that there was a picture of Banda hanging on the wall, and nothing...
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