Griswold V Ct

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Though not specifically mentioned in the Constitution, the right to privacy has been at the forefront of many Supreme Court cases over the last several decades. Connecticut’s statue banning contraceptive usage, not matter how obtained, set the stage for the 1965 Supreme Court ruling detailing and expanding the rights of privacy, especially between married persons. The 1879 Connecticut statue forbade not only the use of any contraceptive, but also restricted the passage of information or assisting anyone seeking contraceptives. Estelle T. Griswold and C. Lee Buxton, Executive Director and Medical Director of the Planned Parenthood League of Connecticut respectively, were convicted for providing information, instruction and access to contraceptives. The key issue was that the couple in question was in fact a married couple, and seen in the office together. Griswold and Buxton appealed the conviction, and the Supreme Court heard the case in March of 1965. The case questioned a state’s right to interfere with the private decisions of a married couple, and whether or not the Constitution provides for these rights in the first place. The Supreme Court overturned the convictions, citing the First, Third, Fourth, and Ninth Amendments, and clearly defining the enumerated rights these amendments established. Justice William Douglas’ opinion noted that the two appellants maintained a professional relationship with the married couple, and charged that the conviction was in conflict with the Due Process Clause, as well as the basic right to privacy. Douglas compared Griswold to other cases previously decided by the Supreme Court, including Pierce v. Society of Sisters, Lochner v. New York, and several others. Douglas stated, “We deal with a right to privacy older than the Bill of Rights—older than our political parties, older than our school system. Marriage is a coming together for better or worse, hopefully enduring, and intimate to the degree of being...
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