One of the most structured and popular organization wise interventions programs in OD is Grid OD, developed by psychologist Robert Blake and Jane Mouton (1964,1969)
This approach to OD emphasizes the importance of both helping managers become more effective and systematically creating and ideal strategic model to guide organizational planning and actions. This OD intervention uses a variety of specially designed diagnostic instruments that enable individuals and groups to study their own behaviour and identify areas that need improvement.
Grid and management Styles
Grid OD proposes those two fundamental dimensions of leader behaviour are essential for understanding managerial effectiveness. a.Concern for people
b.Concern for results
Concern for people refers to the consideration of social and interpersonal concern of others, concern for results involves issues of quality, quantity and overall effectiveness of work outputs.
The graphical presentation of the model illustrates the concept further.
The Leadership Grid above identifies five basic managerial styles.
•1.1 Impoverished Management: managers falling under this category are just going through their jobs without any real contributions. They are primarily concerned with keeping their jobs and are of little or no value in OD. •9.1 Authority Compliance task Management : Emphasis is on results and hence creativity and initiative of the subordinates is likely to be stifled. Low concern for interpersonal relationships is also likely to result in low cohesion amongst the group members. •1.9 Country Cub Management: the focus of the 1,9 managers is on creating work environments with pleasant social environment positive interpersonal relationships. They are primarily concerned with people and their feelings, attitudes and needs rather than results. • 5.5 Middle of the Road Management : these mangers have a moderate concern for people and...