Gregor Mendel

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Gregor Mendel

Mendel was born in German family in  Vrazne, Czech Republic, and was baptized two days later as Johann. He had two sisters - older veronica and yonger teresia. During his childhood, Mendel worked as a gardener, studied beekeeping, and as a young man attended Gymnasia  in Opava. From 1840 to 1843, he studied practical and theoretical philosophy as well as physics at the University of Olomouc   In 1843 Mendel began his training as a priest. Upon recommendation of his physics teacher Friedrich Franz  he entered the Augustinian Abbey of St Thomas in 1843. Johann Mendel took the name Gregor upon entering religious life. In 1851 he was sent to the University of Vienna to study under the sponsorship of Abbot  Napp. Mendel returned to his abbey in 1853 as a teacher of physics, and by 1867, he had replaced Napp as abbot of the monastery. Gregor Mendel, who is known as the "father of modern genetics", was inspired by his professor at the University of Olomouc Friedrich Franz and his colleagues at the monastery for example Franz Diebl to study variation in plants, and he conducted his study in the monastery's two hectare[8] experimental garden, which was originally planted by Napp in 1830.[6]  Mendel cultivated and tested some 29,000 pea plants/His experiments led him to make two generalizations, the Law of Segregation and the Law of Independent Assortment, which later became known as Mendel's Laws of Heredity. His experiments were criticized at the time, but is now considered a seminal work. Besides his work on plant breeding at St Thomas's Abbey, Mendel also bred bees in a bee house that was built for him, using bee hives that he designed. After completing his work with peas, Mendel turned to experimenting with honeybees to extend his work to animals. He produced a hybrid strain, but the experiment wasn’t successful, failed to generate a clear picture of their heredity because of the difficulties in controlling mating behaviours of queen bees. He also...
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