Greenhouse Gas

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The Warming of the Earth’s Atmosphere
The Greenhouse Effect is the process by which atmospheric gasses trap heat, and re-circulate it back into the surface. The sun gives off energy in the form of light. The Earth absorbs most of this energy, heating up its surface. Then, the Earth cools itself down by releasing infrared radiation. Infrared radiation is a form of a “Longer wavelength radiation”, and is much less harmful than short wavelength radiation such as microwaves, gamma, and x-rays (Gemini.edu). It is the heat that the Earth gives off in order to cool itself down.

After the Earth gives off this infrared radiation, atmospheric gasses (such as Carbon Dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide) absorb some of it, causing the atmosphere and the Earth’s surface to become even warmer. Although there are quite a few greenhouse gasses that aid in the Greenhouse effect, Carbon dioxide is being produced much more rapidly.

The Greenhouse effect received its name because of the similar (but not the identical) process that a greenhouse uses to trap heat. Sunlight goes through glass, causing the structure to retain heat, but the heat has difficulty escaping because it is confined within the greenhouse. The greenhouse is used as an analogy. It absorbs heat (energy), but not through the same processes.

Carbon is found in all living things, and all over the Earth. It is in our oceans, our plants, deep underground, and throughout out atmosphere. When carbon fuses with oxygen (found in the air we breathe), it creates and odorless, colorless gas called carbon dioxide (climatestudents). Carbon dioxide can also occur through the burning of fossil fuels.

Agricultural changes and the need for largely produced raw materials and textiles brought on the beginning of the Industrial revolution. Changes in technology that allowed farmers to work more efficiently with the help of new equipment sparked an epidemic of production that snowballed in to this revolution of technological...
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