2. Green logistics and supply chain in retail industry……………………………….1
3.The environmental issues in retail industry3
3.1Green practices are adopted nowadays.5
4.The challenge of adopting green practices into retail industries of Taiwan6
5. The improvement for green logistics and supply chain management in Taiwan…7
6.The future of low carbon supply chain9
Green logistics and supply chain or GLSCM in short is made to combine the environment awareness into the operation and logistics system. GLSCM sometimes are seen to be a green sourcing tool between retailer and buyer. However, GLSCM, especially nowadays, are developed into a concept of close-loop supply chain and this chain are defined as an indefinitely cycle which products and materials are consumed, recycle and managed from the internal and external systems (Zhu, 2008). Businesses in this generation are through a constantly change world. The environments issues motivate firms and researchers to invent the technologies and study research to improve the obstacles. For example, the electricity in Taiwan is mostly created by terminal power plant and the CO2 emission are generated after burning the coal that is the main consequence harmful to the environment. By increasing the awareness of environment, Taiwan government seriously notices the problem and set the policy to encourage related industries to replace the terminal power plant for generating the electricity. Renewable energy is the outcome under this issue. As the renewable energy technologies getting mature, the cost will reduce as pubic can be acceptance.
2. Green logistics and supply chain in retail industry
The supply chain of retail industry consists of the process from manufacturing to selling. Traditional retail supply chain has focused on the information delivering, efficiency of the collaboration, transported accuracy and generated great-attached value to customers. The companies in the network create values by offering the beneficial products to customers and cost down (Sundarakani et al 2010). However, in the recent days, the customers turn the spotlight to different issues, namely low-risk supply chains (Sundarakani et al 2010, cited Wagner and Bode 2008), socially responsible supply chains (Sundarakani et al 2010, cited Boyd et al 2007) and green supply chains (Sundarakani et al 2010, cited Quariguasi Frota Neto et al 2008). The latter issue is getting more important as increasing awareness of environmental protection. To lower the environmental damage made by business affairs companies try to find the method to tackle the problem and raise the profits as well. Going GREEN seems a good strategy to solve the dilemma (Hoek. 2000). Wal-Mart, the largest retailer in the world, asks theirs top 100 suppliers to implement RFID tags which can save more detail information about the product and fasten the information delivering (Bansal, 2003). By following this, RFID technology can eliminate unnecessary process of work such as paper working, labor consumption and stock of merchandises. Leslie Dach (2011), the company’s executive vice president for corporate affairs, say“We found that we can raise farmers’ income, supply them with extension-like services, and give them greater market access. On top of that, we can get stuff fresher and thereby cut down on food spoilage, which reduces waste and helps us lower our prices.” Owing to the fresh source are well provided, Wal-Mart develops a vertical-integrated GREEN strategy, which is classified normal products and organic and green foods. In the meantime, Wal-Mart puts green label on the organic and green foods and helps customers easily distinguish the green products (the Atlantic, 2011). In terms of retail industries in Taiwan in past decades, the scale of retail companies is relatively small and the high technology of retail in...