GREEN SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES
Overview of policies and guidelines in India
Ar. Pallavi Chitnis, Department of Environmental Architecture Dr. BN College of Architecture
Abstract— Special Economic zones (SEZ) have emerged as a popular strategy adopted by various developing countries to increase their trading across the globe. Introduction of SEZ, in India, has created lot of opportunity for economic developments. As these enclaves are the major contributor to the environmental degradation, green development strategy becomes indispensible priority. It needs to be dealt simultaneously with the socio-economic development. India has recognized the importance of social, economic and environmental development. The environmental change now a days is a core development challenge. With the time, this agenda has gained momentum. India, as a developing country, has to tackle development and its depleting resources simultaneously. Thus, in a major push to green movement and looking to such a large development, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, has drafted Guidelines for developing Green SEZ. To secure sustainable growth of these zones and to promote green special economic zones is the main essence of these guidelines. The paper looks at Green SEZ as a concept. It focuses on identifying various actors involved in green SEZ, thereby studying various codes, standards, guidelines available. It indentifies some basic parameters based on the various documents. The indicator based matrix has been generated on the basis of these parameters and they are used as a tool to explore the overlaps and the gaps. Later, in the paper, by overlapping the inventory on various indicators prepared for green SEZ, the existing scenario of operational SEZ is studied and thus conclusions are derived. The paper aims to explore various overlaps and missing gaps of existing green SEZ guidelines by using various tools that has been developed during the study.
Keywords— Codes, Green strategies, Guidelines, Special Economic Zones, Standards.
Ar. Pallavi Chitnis/ M.Arch III Sem/ BNCA, Pune
Green Special Economic Zones in India 2012
Special economic zones are typically an enclave of units which operates in a well defined geographical boundary of country. In SEZ, certain activities are promoted by set of policy measures and these policies are not applicable to rest of the country. Special Economic zones have emerged as a popular strategy adopted by various developing countries to increase their trading across the globe. 1
“Social and economic development and poverty eradication are the first and overriding priorities of development and that the green development strategy is indispensible to any development.” Developing countries in the world have recognized the importance of social, economic and environmental development. The environmental change now a days, is a core development challenge. With the time, this agenda has gained momentum. India, as a developing country, has to tackle development and its depleting resources simultaneously. These two parameters are faces of same coin. Both are interlinked and neither of them can be sacrificed. India, being a developing country has to lift billions of people out of poverty and unemployment by providing proper physical and social infrastructure, while ensuring that they comply with environmental sustainability by offering green strategies. The introduction of SEZ, in India has created lot of opportunities for social and economical development. SEZs have played an important role in advancing industrial development, attracting FDI, and creating jobs in recent years. But, at the same time, It has to handle the environmental concerns that are arising day by day. The Industrial zones are major contributors to the environment degradation right from manufacturing, energy generation and consumption, buildings to...