* INTODUCTION: GREEN MARKETING CONCEPT
* GREEN CONSUMER
* REASONS AND ADOPTION OF GREEN MARKETING
* MARKETING STRATEGIES
* TOP 10 COMPANIES FOLLOWING GREEN MARKETING
* GREEN MARKETING: A NEW CONCEPT
INTRODUCTION : GREEN MARKETING CONCEPT
GREEN MARKETING :
Green marketing can be defined as, "All activities designed to generate and facilitate any exchange intended to satisfy human needs or wants such that satisfying of these needs and wants occur with minimal detrimental input on the national environment." Green marketing involves developing and promoting products and services that satisfy customer’s want and need for Quality, Performance, Affordable Pricing and Convenience without having a detrimental input on the environment.
Evolution of Green Marketing
The green marketing has evolved over a period of time. The evolution of green marketing has three phases. First phase was termed as "Ecological" green marketing, and during this period all marketing activities were concerned to help environment problems and provide remedies for environmental problems. Second phase was "Environmental" green marketing and the focus shifted on clean technology that involved designing of innovative new products, which take care of pollution and waste issues. Third phase was "Sustainable" green marketing. It came into prominence in the late 1990s and early 2000.
Why Green Marketing?
As resources are limited and human wants are unlimited, it is important for the marketers to utilize the resources efficiently without waste as well as to achieve the organization's objective. So green marketing is inevitable. There is growing interest among the consumers all over the world regarding protection of environment. Worldwide evidence indicates people are concerned about the environment and are changing their behavior. As a result of this, green marketing has emerged which speaks for growing market for sustainable and socially responsible products and services.
With industrialization and development and progress of technology, diversification in human needs has increased. As result of increase in diversification in the needs, our world has faced with the devastation and pollution of its natural resources. As result of use of natural sources, environmental devastation and pollution affect human life negatively. Humans have been in the search for ensuring their futures and sustaining their life in appropriate conditions. Consumers, by not remaining insensitive to environmental problems such as environment pollution and global warming, they have started to consider whether the products they purchase is environment-friendly or not apart from price and quality features of the products. With environment and environmental problems gaining importance for people, companies have started to change their production, goods or service generation, and hence marketing strategies accordingly. They have started to produce environment-friendly products and have tried to reach `Green Marketing` concept to the consumers.By analyzing the impact of environmental awareness, green product features, green product prices, green product advertisement and demographical features of consumers on purchasing behaviors of consumers, the companies have started producing environment-friendly products. As result, environment consciousness, green product features, green promotion and green price increase, green purchasing behavior increases as well.
The green consumer is generally defined as one who adopts environmentally friendly behaviors and/or who purchases green products over the standard alternatives. Green consumers are more internally-controlled as they believe that an individual consumer can be effective in environmental protection. Thus, they feel that the job of...