History and Definition of Green IT
History of Green IT started with energy star program in 1992 which was designed to encourage and recognize the energy efficiency in the monitors and printing product. Green IT was emerged shortly after the energy star program and the goals of green IT are to reduce the use of hazardous materials, maximize energy efficiency during the product's lifetime, and promote the recyclability or biodegradability of defunct products and minimize waste. The idea of Green IT is about environmentally sustainable IT. It is defined as "the study and practice of designing, manufacturing, using, and disposing of computers, servers, and associated subsystems—such as monitors, printers, storage devices, and networking and communications systems — efficiently and effectively with minimal or no impact on the environment." (Murugesan, 2008).
Holistic approach to Green IT
According to Murugesan’s idea, we need to adopt a holistic approach that addresses the environmental...