Chapter # 1ABOUT GREEN HOUSE1.1: WHAT IS GREENHOUSE 1.2: HOW DOES GREEN HOUSE WORK| page23| Chapter # 2: About GREEN HOUSE EFFECT2.1: what is green house effect2.2: causes of green house effect| 45,6| Chapter # 3:GRREN HOUSE EFFECT AND BANGLADESH3.1: Green house effect & Bangladesh3.2: Green house effect causing the global warming in Bangladesh3.3: Green house effect in Bangladesh 3.4: some of the pictures of pollution of the environment that contributing in Green house effect| 778-1011| Chapter # 4: THE GREEN HOUSE EFFECT AND SOLUTION4.1: how to reduce green house effect4.2: steps for reducing green house effects| 1212-17| Chapter # 5: conclusion5.1: conclusion| 18|
1.1 What is a Greenhouse?
A greenhouse is a large structure, with the walls and roof most often built entirely of glass or plastic. It is a house for plants, often filled with equipment like screening installations, heating, cooling and lighting that help maintain a controlled environment perfect for plants. Greenhouses are used for growing all kinds of plants, including flowers, fruits and vegetables. It is often used to grow saplings in the late winter and early spring, which are later planted in the open in warmer weather. Pollination of the plants is done naturally, by using bees, or artificial pollination may be done, depending on the requirements. Greenhouses also protect plants from weather phenomena such blizzards or dust storms.
Have you ever wondered how does a greenhouse work? The widely spread (and believed) explanation is based on the varying transparency of glass to solar and thermal infrared radiation. This misconception explains that solar radiation enters the greenhouse through the glass, and heats up whatever is inside, which is true. It then says that all the heated surfaces emit longer wavelengths that are unable to pass through the glass, and thus this radiation stays within the greenhouse. Consequently, this is how the greenhouse retains heat. However, if this were true, why would polyethylene greenhouses also retain heat, for polyethylene is almost as transparent to thermal infrared radiation as it is to solar radiation?
1.2 How Does a Greenhouse Work?
The correct explanation to how does a greenhouse work is that it starts with the heat carrying rays of the sun, entering the walls and/or roof of the greenhouse and heating everything within. The temperature of the ground rises as it absorbs this radiation. The heat from the ground is transmitted to the layer of air next to it, which expands and becomes lighter than the air above it. This heated lighter air rises and is instantly replaced by cooler denser air. This heating cycle continues through the day. The roof and the walls of the greenhouse keep in this heated air, and thus the air in the greenhouse stays warm all day long. In an open space, the heating of air is spread over a large mass, and is thus diluted. In the nights, the temperature in a greenhouse stays warmer that the air outside as heat stored during the day is available through the night.
For plants to grow well in a greenhouse, many conditions need to be monitored and maintained. It must have a good ventilation system, to avoid overheating. The plants need to be watered, and periodically checked for pests or disease. Special care may be required during cold winters, to preserve plant health, especially for warm-weathered plants. One may need to make arrangements to provide additional heat and light to the plants. But it also allows for the cultivation and production of plants that would not naturally grow during the winters. They can also ensure a year round supply of some staple vegetables like lettuce.
In addition to these advantages, greenhouses play a very important role...