Green Computing Final Research Paper

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The purpose of this Green Computing Research Project is to research possible applications of green computing for We Are Big Incorporated. First, I want to define what is Green Computing: Environmental responsibility and sustainability in computing and/or IT systems, including overall energy efficiencies, responsible disposal of electronic waste and recycling programs, telecommuting, virtualization of server resources, thin client solutions, using open source software, and the development of new software to address green computing. In an article Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices, by San Murugesan defines the field of green computing as "the study and practice of designing, manufacturing, using, and disposing of computers, servers, and associated subsystems such as monitors, printers, storage devices, and networking and communications systems efficiently and effectively with minimal or no impact on the environment.” The applications being closely researched are as follows:

Data center and overall energy efficiency: Is a basic Energy Star program for organizations and using technology or data centers for multi-user/departmental uses. Cities teaming up with businesses to use tools like smart meters, data visualizations and even mobile technology to promote energy efficiency and urban sustainability. Quoting a report State of the World Report, by Diana Lind, April 2012, “In one instance, General Electric is helping the city of Rotterdam Germany to drastically cut CO2 emissions to half its 1990 levels by creating energy efficiency and improving water management.” Running multiple clients from one server allows a higher utilization of server processing power, smaller data center footprint, and also makes strides toward energy efficiency. In a recent study found that if companies adopt cloud computing, they can reduce the energy consumption of their IT departments and save money on energy bills. And in another development, Fujitsu unveiled its Esprimo Green, a full PC that uses zero watts in stand-by mode. •The disposal of electronic waste and recycling: Proper disposal of electronic equipment will save money and valuable landfill space. Recycling these products can be even more valuable. Not only does this save resources, organizations can make a profit from recycling efforts. In a two year period, Samsung recycled more than 41.5 million pounds of electronics. They are the first electronics manufacturer to fulfill the e-Stewards standard for responsible e-waste handling. . Samsung launched its Recycling Direct program in October 2008 with 1100 drop-off spots currently throughout the United States. •Telecommuting: Over the past decade, telecommuting has shown to deliver significant social, environmental and economic benefits. Many organizations have recognized these gains as a way to promote worker moral, sustainable business practices, and increase their bottom line. In “How Telecommuting Lets Workers Mobilize for Sustainability” by Daniel Walsh, he describes just how the organizations are utilizing this. “A recent survey found that less than 4 percent of U.S. private sector workers actually work from home, that figure could reach as high as 30 percent by 2019”, •Virtualization of server resources: Cloud computing has recently been getting attention. The term describes data-processing operations being outsourced to server farms, instead of being powered on-site. These vary from websites or remotely hosted networks to digital storage space or individual documents. Cloud computing can save large U.S. companies $12.3 billion on energy use while cutting carbon emissions by 85.7 million tons annually by 2020, according to a report that tracks climate change information and was commissioned by the non-profit Carbon Disclosure Project. •Thin client solutions: This term refers to reducing energy use, reductions in materials used, using virtualization servers, and open source software....
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