Green Computing

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1.1.1 INTRODUCTION OF E-BANKING

The world is changing at a staggering rate and technology is considered to be the key driver for these changes around us. An analysis of technology and its uses show that it has permeated in almost every aspect of our life. Many activities are handled electronically due to the acceptance of information technology at home as well as at workplace. the people in the world now moving towards the internet banking. The ATM and the Net transactions are becoming popular. But the customer is clear on one thing that he wants net-banking to be simple and the banking sector is matching its steps to the march of technology. E-banking or Online banking is ageneric term for the delivery of banking services and products through the electronic channels such as the telephone, the internet, the cell phone etc. The concept and scope of e-banking is still evolving. It facilitates an effective payment and accounting system there by enhancing the speed of delivery of banking services considerably.

1.1.2 HISTORY OF E- BANKING

The precursor for the modern home online banking services were the distance banking services over electronic media from the early '80s. The term online became popular in the late '80s and refers to the use of a terminal, keyboard and TV (or monitor) to access the banking system using a phone line. ‘Home banking’ can also refer to the use of a numeric keypad to send tones down a phone line with instructions to the bank. Online services started in New York in 1981 when four of the city’s major banks (Citibank, Chase Manhattan, Chemical and Manufacturers Hanover) offered home banking services

using the videotex system. Because of the commercial failure of videotex these banking services never became popular except in France where the use of videotex (Minitel) was subsidised by the telecom provider and the UK, where the Prestel system was used.

The UK’s first home online banking services were set up by the Nottingham Building Society (NBS) in 1983 ("History of the Nottingham" Retrieved on 2007-12-14.). The system used was based on the UK's Prestel system and used a computer, such as the BBC Micro, or keyboard (Tan data Td1400) connected to the telephone system and television set. The system (known as 'Homelink') allowed on-line viewing of statements, bank transfers and bill payments. In order to make bank transfers and bill payments, a written instruction giving details of the intended recipient had to be sent to the NBS who set the details up on the Home link system. Typical recipients were gas, electricity and telephone companies and accounts with other banks. Details of payments to be made were input into the NBS system by the account holder via Prestel. A cheque was then sent by NBS to the payee and an advice giving details of the payment was sent to the account holder. BACS was later used to transfer the payment directly. Stanford Federal Credit Union was the first financial institution to offer online internet banking services to all of its members in Oct, 1994. what is e-banking

Electronic banking is one of the truly widespread avatars of E-commerce the world over. Various authors define E-Banking differently but the most definition depicting the meaning and features of E-Banking are as follows:

1. Banking is a combination of two, Electronic technology and Banking.

2. Electronic Banking is a process by which a customer performs banking Transactions electronically without visiting a brick-and-mortar institutions.

3. E-Banking denotes the provision of banking and related service through Extensive use of information technology without direct recourse to the bank bythe custome.

1.1.8 TYPES OF INTERNET BANKING OR E-BANKING

the following three basic kinds of Internet banking are being employed in the marketplace.

• Informational-
this is the basic level of Internet banking. Typically, the bank has marketing information about the bank’s...
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