1. Sophocles was the son of a wealthy merchant. He was known as a very handsome, athletic and smart person in the Greek empire. He was a great playwright and competed in the city of dionysia. Sophocles won his first competition against Aeschlyus. He wrote 120 plays after his first play against aeschlyus, and went on to win 18 first prizes. Sophocles tried to be an actor but had a weak voice and did not continue it. Sophocles was also an ordained priest of alcon and the god of medicine Asclepius. Sophocles was also the director of the treasury of the Delian Confederacy. Sophocles passed away shortly after Oedipus at colonus in 405 B.C.(Sophocles)
2. The oracles at Delphi were the true voices of the god Apollo. The oracles were women who were at first young attractive virgins and then were middle aged women. The oracle at Delphi was used to foretell the fortunes of man. The Delphic oracle was also used as a consult for just about everything, including the establishment of a city, or the movement of a farm. 3. The Sphinx was a great creature with the head of a human woman, the body of a lion, and the wings of an eagle. In Greek mythology the Sphinx is known as the guardian of the entrance to Thebes. The Greeks feared this creature because it devoured anyone at the entrance who could not answer its riddle.(Siegel)
4. The Greek tragic contests were large extravagant poetry contests in which only three poets could participate. These three poets were chosen by the great Archon. The Greek tragic contests of three tragedies from each poet and one satiric drama. People from all over Greece came to see these contests and listen to the stories. The contests were sponsored by the wealthiest of Athenians. These contests were meant to honor the god Dionysus.(Karayanakkos) 6. Prologue- This was meant to explain the background and to introduce the drama of the story Parodos- the parodos literally means entrance song, this was used to signal the...