Greek Lit

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GREEk Literature
IntroGreek duction
* Greece is a land of islands, mountains, and peninsulas. Rocky hill tops separate parts of the territory from each other, and make the soil difficult to farm. * Their literature focuses on human body and mind.

ARCHAIC PERIOD
TO THE END OF THE 6TH CENTURY BC
The Greeks created poetry before they made use of writing for literary purposes, and from the beginning their poetry was intended to be sung or recited HOMER
Iliad
Odyssey
Pure tragedy

Mixture of tragedy and comedy

CLASSICAL PERIOD
5TH AND 4TH CENTURIES BC
Aeschylus
Sophocles

Euripides

Aeschylus
Trilogies - group of three plays on a single theme.
Oresteia
Choeporoi
Eumenides
Persai (The Persians) – is a song of triumph for the defeat of the Persians Prometheus Bound – a retelling of the legend of the Titan Prometheus

The Greek Gods and Goddesses

2 of the most excellent Historians
Herodotus
(father of history)
Thucydides
( the better historian)

3 names tower above the Greek Philosophers
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle

Other Prominent Writers
Hippocrates
(Father of Medicine)
Aristophanes
(playwright who wrote comedies)
Euclid
(Father of Geometry)

HELLENISTIC PERIOD
between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC
and 146 BC
Alexander the Great
Hellenistic art focused on the real.
Translation of the Old Testament into Greek
(2nd Century B.C)
Septuagint
Apocrypha

The genres
Epic Narrative
Lyric Poetry
Tragedy
Comedy
History
Rhetoric and Oratory

Qualities of Greek Literature
Permanence and Universality
Artistry
Originality
Diversity of Talents
Intellectual

Aesop
FABLES
The tortoise and the Hare
The north wind and the Sun
The boy who cried wolf
The Ant and the Dove
The Ant and the Grasshopper
The ass and his masters
The bath, the birds, and the beast
The cock and the Pearl
The crow and the Raven
The Dog and the Wolf
The Eagle and the Arrow
The Dog and the Shadow
The...
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