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Greek Influence on the Roman Empire

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Greek Influence on the Roman Empire

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  • November 2, 2010
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Introduction
Classical Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean region and Europe. Greek culture influenced the development of Roman civilization because at first Rome absorbed ideas from Greek colonists in southern Italy, and they continued to borrow from Greek culture after they conquered Greece. Ancient Greece has had an enormous amount of impact on culture in the western world. For this reason, Classical Greece is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of Western civilization. Rome conquered the Greek empire and its civilization, but Greek culture conquered imperial Rome. Furthermore, the Romans willingly replaced the relatively primitive Etruscan and Latin cultures with the far more nuanced and rich Greek culture, while keeping some aspects of their civilization present. The Greeks provided architecture, systems of government, and the religion of Rome. The spread of Greek culture from the Romans throughout the extent of the Roman Empire caused the Romans to dominate the primitive Etruscan and Latin cultures with the far more superior and rich Greek culture. With the Greek influence, and the primal Etruscan and Latin influences present in these regions, the Romans became able to dominate the entire Mediterranean area, and develop into the largest empire during that era. Politics

Law
After the Dark Ages, to around 900 BC, the Ancient Greeks had no official laws or punishments. Murders were settled by members of the victim's family, who would then go and kill the murderer. This often began endless blood feuds. It was not until the middle of the seventh century BC that the Greeks first began to establish official laws. Around 620 BC Draco, the lawgiver, wrote the first known written law of Ancient Greece.[1] Draco also created many different classes and types of laws as he was the lawgiver. He created the Tort Laws; consequences for...