Greek & Greece

Topics: Greece, Greek language, Greeks Pages: 7 (1923 words) Published: January 3, 2013
Greek & Greece
I would like to introduce the Greek and the country of Greece. Greece, the English name for the Hellenic Republic, derives from an ancient Latin word for that area. "Hellenic" derives from the word ancient Greeks used to refer themselves, while "Romeic" comes from the medieval or Byzantine Greek term. Although Romeic was the most common self-designation early in the nineteenth century, it has declined in favor of Hellenic since that time. [pic] [pic] [pic] [pic]

The words "Greek," "Hellenic," and "Romeic" refer not only to the country but also to the majority ethnic group. Greek culture and identity reflect the shared history and common expectations of all members of the nation-state, but they also reflect an ethnic history and culture that predate the nation-state and extend to Greek people outside the country's borders. Since 98 percent of the country's citizens are ethnically Greek, ethnic Greek culture has become almost synonymous with that of the nation-state. However, recent migration patterns may lead to a resurgence of other ethnic groups in the population.

Greek in Australia
These two years, Greek debt crisis result that more and more Greek immigrate to Australia. They find there are more job opportunities in Australia. Greeks are the seventh-largest ethnic group in Australia, after those declaring their ancestry simply as "Australian". In the 2006 census, 365,147 persons declared having Greek Nationality, either alone or in conjunction with another ethnicity. The 2006 census recorded 125,849 people of Greek Nationality born in Greece and 21,149 in Cyprus, though it is uncertain how many of the latter are Greek Cypriots. There are also a large number of Greek-Australian citizens that come from the regions of Crete, Egypt , Macedonia, Mani Peninsula, Messenia, Thessaly, Cyprus, the Greek islands, Pontus and Ionia.

The Greeks are very fond of their food and are famous for their hospitality. Generally girls learn how to cook from a very early age and it is traditional to pass recipes down through the generations.

Have you ever eaten any Greek food? How about feta cheese pie, olive oil, tzatziki or dolmades? These are traditional Greek foods.

Tzatziki is a mixture of cucumber, yoghurt, olive oil and garlic. The Greek people eat this as a dip, with fish, aubergine or courgettes, or anything really!

Dolmades are actually stuffed vine leaves: a special rice mixture is wrapped in the leaves and this is a typical part of the first meal at Lent. It comes from Macedonia originally. There are some very unusual dishes too: how about onion-boiled eggs? This is a dish that comes from Thessalonika.

A traditional Greek meal would include mezedes, which are starters, fogakia, which are small dishes that can be a starter, a side dish to go with your main meal, or it can be a supper dish or even a main course (if you’re not very hungry!), as well as the main meal and a dessert!

And when you’ve finished eating, it is traditional in Greece to throw your plate on the floor and smash it!

Language spoken
Did you know that the Greek language has been in existence for over three and a half millennia? And there are some similarities that still exist between the modern Greek language and the language which was used by the Ancient Greeks.

The Greek alphabet is very different to the alphabet that is used for the English language, but some parts of Western languages can be traced back to the language used by the Ancient Greeks.

Greek is a tough language. It's no wonder we say "it's all Greek to me" when we don't understand something. Still, it's a beautiful language, and it's simple enough to pick up some. Note: If two phrases are separated by '~', the first one is used when speaking to one person or to someone your age or younger; the second one is used when speaking to more than one person or someone older or higher than you.

~Hello/Goodbye: Γεια σου~Γεια σας /ʝa su/~/ʝa sas/ yah...
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