Greek and Roman Influances on Modern Western Civilization

Topics: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Roman Republic Pages: 3 (912 words) Published: November 1, 2012
Greek and roman influence on modern history
The Socratic Method of investigation.
The column in architecture.
The theatre.
Literature - Homer's 'Iliad' is the first known western book. Sculpture.

Concrete - still the basis of all large construction projects. Grid system layout for towns and cities.
The arch as an architectural feature.
The Roman emperor Trajan built the first shopping mall (completed 112 AD). Central heating.
French,Spanish,Italian,Portuguese, and Romanian are all languages based on Latin. Latin is still widely used in medicine,Law,Academia, and publishing. Birthday cake.
Names of the months of the year and calendar.
Literature - the epigram and satire were invented by Roman writers. The Romans and Greeks both gave many things to Western Civilization. Although the Romans copied many aspects Greek culture, they also made distinct contributions. Greece had the first democracy. All citizens could participate in the government. Rome built on the Greek democratic government and established a sharing of the administration with checks and balances. Both Greeks and Romans believed in justice and the equality of people to a certain extent. The Greeks allowed all citizens, rich and poor, to participate in the government. Romans gradually gave the Plebeians, the working class, more rights until they were equal with the Patricians. The culture and contributions of Rome and Greece have given Western civilization a huge boost in society. A vast majority of countries in the world use a system of law we call the "Civil law" which is derived from the Roman law. A lot of other law systems have come from the Romans such as trial by jury. We've taken a lot of words from the Roman and Greeks which is why a lot of words come from Greek words, such as the word "delta" which is the fourth letter of the Greek alphabet. People will also never be able to forget the technologies that both of these...
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