Greek and Roman Governments
The Greek democratic and Roman republic governments each had their own positive and negative aspects making them similar, yet exclusively different. Both have had tremendous influences on governments in our modern world. Rome was a republic where the leaders were chosen through voting, while Greece practiced a more direct democracy in which the citizens participated in the crucial decision-making within the government. This paper will attempt to diagnose the fundamental similarities of each government coupled with the not so obvious differences. Based on the evidence from each type of government, it is clear that each were similar and different in numerous ways, in particular the way each government system operated, the method in which officials were elected, and the actual hierarchy within each system. Today the words republic and democracy are widely considered synonymous, but in actuality are historically different. Government practices and ideals today are very similar to how things were in ancient Greek and Roman times. There are many similarities and differences between Greek democracy and the Roman republic. Research has shown that there are basically three significant ones that we have spent decades debating over: how the different governments elected their officials, the basics of how each system worked, and the orientation of the hierarchy within each system. One major similarity is that both systems strived to give power to the people. The Roman republic’s form of state believed that ultimate sovereignty resides with the people, whereas in the Greek democratic system, the people were the littoral sovereignty. Both types of government elect their officials and power is given to these official representatives. Here is one of the first major differences. In the Roman republic, the people expect their elected officials to use their own best judgment and uphold the needs of the country on behalf of its...
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