November 11, 2012
In this assignment I will compare and contrast Greek and Roman Culture. I will discuss the likes and differences of their government, geographic terrain, economics, trade practices, art, architecture, philosophies, and religious beliefs.
Terrain- city states separated by hilly countryside and all near water
Art- ideal artistic form (Superior to Roman art)
Economy- grew wheat, produced, wine and olive oil; thought trading was degrading
Social classes- slaves, freedmen, metics, citizens, women; women were not considered citizens
Government- kings originally ruled, then oligarchy, then democracy
Religion- cupid God of Love, Ares God of war, based on human personality traits, Love, Honor, Hatred, Dignity, also their roles in life determined what they were god of; Zeus: sky/weather, Hades: death, Poseidon: sea, aquatics;
Physical life was of importance instead of eventuality of the afterlife;
Each god had characteristics that determined their actions;
Deities were important for progression of life but mortals were just as
Geographic Terrain- Mediterranean countries
Economy- based on agriculture, worked mines, had slaves, produced wine and olive oil, coinage, divided by wealth
Religion- same gods but different names and traits
Government- originated by kings
Philosophy- slowly emerged out of religious awe into curiosity about the principles and elements of the natural world. When Greek population moved to their cities interest changed to social living.
Terrain- Rome was inland, and on one side of the Tiber River
Art- realistic portraits for decoration
Economy- imported wheat, farmers, and also engaged in trade
Social Classes- slaves, freedmen, plebeians, patricians
Women were considered citizens
Government- Kings originally ruled, then mixed republican form, then emperors
Religion- Eros god...