Greek and Roman Cultures

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Alicia Battles
AIU-Online
Cultural Topics
November 11, 2012

Abstract
In this assignment I will compare and contrast Greek and Roman Culture. I will discuss the likes and differences of their government, geographic terrain, economics, trade practices, art, architecture, philosophies, and religious beliefs.

Greek
Terrain- city states separated by hilly countryside and all near water
Art- ideal artistic form (Superior to Roman art)
Economy- grew wheat, produced, wine and olive oil; thought trading was degrading
Social classes- slaves, freedmen, metics, citizens, women; women were not considered citizens
Government- kings originally ruled, then oligarchy, then democracy
Religion- cupid God of Love, Ares God of war, based on human personality traits, Love, Honor, Hatred, Dignity, also their roles in life determined what they were god of; Zeus: sky/weather, Hades: death, Poseidon: sea, aquatics;

Physical life was of importance instead of eventuality of the afterlife;
Each god had characteristics that determined their actions;
Deities were important for progression of life but mortals were just as
Both
Geographic Terrain- Mediterranean countries
Economy- based on agriculture, worked mines, had slaves, produced wine and olive oil, coinage, divided by wealth
Religion- same gods but different names and traits
Government- originated by kings
Philosophy- slowly emerged out of religious awe into curiosity about the principles and elements of the natural world. When Greek population moved to their cities interest changed to social living.

Roman
Terrain- Rome was inland, and on one side of the Tiber River
Art- realistic portraits for decoration
Economy- imported wheat, farmers, and also engaged in trade
Social Classes- slaves, freedmen, plebeians, patricians
Women were considered citizens
Government- Kings originally ruled, then mixed republican form, then emperors
Religion- Eros god...
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