Grade Level: Written by: Length of Unit:
8th Grade Language Arts Donna Seekamp, Aurora Academy Charter School, Aurora, CO Seven lessons (approximately 10 days); one day = 55 minutes)
ABSTRACT The English language is a potluck of historical and worldly word recipes, with many surprising ingredients added along the way. The success of many literary pièces de resistance lies in writers’ abilities to articulate scenes, senses, and situations with just the right words. One key to masterful textual and literary cuisine is deciphering word connotation and understanding etymology. This unit provides students with a feast of Greek and Latin root words and a welldeveloped taste for the rich potential of a well-stocked vocabulary. OVERVIEW A. Concept Objectives 1. Develop an awareness of the origins of the English language and patterns inherent in word structure. (Colorado Reading and Writing Standard 8.1.J) 2. Understand how verbal and written communications are enhanced by mastery of etymological savior faire. (Colorado Reading and Writing Standard 8.3.G) B. Content from the Core Knowledge Sequence 1. English a. Writing, Grammar, and Usage: Writing and Research i. Speaking and Listening (p.181) a) Participate civilly and productively in group discussions. ii. Vocabulary (pp. 182-183) b. Fiction, Nonfiction, and Drama (P. 184) i. Short Stories a) “The Bet”(Anton Chekov) Skill Objectives C. 1. Students will summarize data about the history of the English language in twocolumn notes. (CRWS 8.1.J) Students will decipher Appendix C: Vocabulary List One, in a discussion and by 2. creating graphic organizers, or word webs. (CRWS 8.1.J) 3. Students will synthesize Greek and Latin words into categorical lists. (CRWS 8.1.J) 4. Students will examine and discuss relevant literature and indicate Greek and Latin words by highlighting them or writing them down. (CRWS 8.3.G) 5. Students will employ analytical skills by completing and solving word games and puzzles. (CRWS 8.3.G) 6. Students will evaluate the impact of Greek and Latin words on the English language by writing paragraphs about author talks. (CRWS 8.3.G) 7. Students will review vocabulary lists by creating flip chart study guides and quizzing each other. (CRWS 8.1.J) (CRWS 8.3.G) 8. Students will demonstrate mastery of Greek and Latin words in English with a final test. (CRWS 8.1.J) (CRWS 8.3.G) BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE A. For Teachers 1. Our Greek and Latin Roots, Morwood, J. and M. Warman 2. Words & Ideas, Dominik, W.J., Ed. 1
2005 Core Knowledge® National Conference, Greek and Latin Root Words, 8th Grade
3. English from the Roots Up, Lundquist, J. For Students 1. Ancient Greece, Core Knowledge Sequence, 6th Grade, p. 138 2. Ancient Rome, Core Knowledge Sequence, 6th Grade, p. 139 3. Vocabulary, Core Knowledge Sequence, 6th Grade, pp. 134-135 4. Vocabulary, Core Knowledge Sequence, 7th Grade, pp. 158-159
RESOURCES A. Marshall, Michael J., Ed. Realms of Gold, volume 3, for all students (Lesson Three) B. Dictionaries, one for each student (all lessons) LESSONS Lesson One: History of Greek and Latin Influence on the English Language (approximately two 55 minute class periods) A. Daily Objectives 1. Concept Objective(s) a. Develop an awareness of the origins of the English language and patterns inherent in word structure. (Colorado Reading and Writing Standard 8.1.J) 2. Lesson Content a. Vocabulary 3. Skill Objective(s) a. Students will summarize data about the history of the English language in two-column notes. b. Students will decipher Appendix C: Vocabulary List One, in a discussion and by creating graphic organizers, or word webs. B. Materials 1. Teacher copy of Appendix A: Teacher Notes on History of the English Language 2. Transparencies of Appendix B: History of Greek and Latin Influence on the English Language 3. Paper copies of Appendix B: History of Greek and Latin Influence on the English Language, for...