Greek Adverbs and Prepositions

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LIBERTY THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

REPORT ON ADVERB AND PREPOSITIONS:
FORM AND FUNCTION

NGRK 640
ADVANCED GREEK GRAMMAR
PROFESSOR: DR. JAMES FREERKSEN

BY
HYONGTAI KIM
#20018738
LYNCHBURG, VA
MAY 7, 2012

CONTENTS

I.ADVERBS
Introduction ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 Forms of Adverbs --------------------------------------------------------------------------3 Functions of Adverbs ----------------------------------------------------------------------3

II.PREPOSTIONS
General Information of Prepositions -----------------------------------------------------4 History of Greek Prepositions ------------------------------------------------------------5 Logic of Greek Prepositions --------------------------------------------------------------5 Importance of Greek Prepositions --------------------------------------------------------5 Procedure for Researching a Preposition ------------------------------------------------6 Improper Prepositions ----------------------------------------------------------------------6 Diagram of Greek Proper Prepositions --------------------------------------------------7 Functions of Prepositions ------------------------------------------------------------------7 vAna, -----------------------------------------------------------------------------9 vAnti, ----------------------------------------------------------------------------9 vApo, ----------------------------------------------------------------------------10 Dia, -----------------------------------------------------------------------------11 Eivj -----------------------------------------------------------------------------12 vEk ------------------------------------------------------------------------------13 vEn ------------------------------------------------------------------------------14 vEpi ----------------------------------------------------------------------------14 Kata, --------------------------------------------------------------------------15 Meta, --------------------------------------------------------------------------15 Para, --------------------------------------------------------------------------16 Peri, ---------------------------------------------------------------------------16 Pro, ----------------------------------------------------------------------------17 Pro,j ---------------------------------------------------------------------------17 Su,n ----------------------------------------------------------------------------18 vUpe,r --------------------------------------------------------------------------18 vUpo, ----------------------------------------------------------------------------18 Bibliography ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19

I.ADVERBS

Introduction
Adverbs are a class of particles or indeclinable forms often used to modify verbs and other modifying words. Adverbs and particles are not inflected forms, that is, they do not have prefixes or suffixes. Both of them have the same spelling, except for an occasional removable sigma on some adverbs. Many grammarians note that there is a relationship between adverbs and prepositions.

Forms of the Adverbs
The ending -wj is very common, but other frequently occurring adverbial endings are -qen and the iota vowel (-ei, -w| ). Comparative and superlative adverbs (which formally resemble comparative and superlative adjectives) may be formed as well. Almost any adjective can be transformed into an adverb with an -wj ending.

Time: au;rion( nu/n( peruse( prwi( shmeron( tote
Location: a;nw( ekei/( ekei/qen( enqade( enteu/qen( katw( porrw( w-de Manner: a-pax( eikh|/( exaifnhj( h`dewj( ou]tw(j), paracph/ma( tacewj

Functions of Adverbs
1.Modifying a verb
A common function of the adverb is to modify a verb or a verbal phrase (it is often difficult, and usually...
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