Great Gatsby vocabulary
CHAPTER 5 VOCAB.
Rout: (N) –an overwhelming defeat. “disorderly retreat,” 1590s, from Middle French route “disorderly flight of troops,” literally “a breaking off, rupture,” from Vulgar Latin rupta “a dispersed group,” literally “a broken group,” from Latin rupta, fem.pp. of rumpere “to break? innumerable (adj.) –very numerous; incapable of being counted; countless. mid-14c., from Latin innumerabilis "countless, immeasurable," from in- "not" numerabilis "able to be numbered," from numerare "to count, number," from numerus "a number" Estatic: (Adj.) –subject to or in a state of ecstasy; rapturous. 1590s, "mystically absorbed, stupefied," from Greek ekstatikos "unstable," from ekstasis. Meaning "characterized by intense emotions" is from 1660s, now usually pleasurable ones, but not originally always so. Related: Ecstatical; ecstatically. Reproach: (V) –to fnd fault with (a person, group, ect.); blame. mid-14c., reprochen "to rebuke, reproach," from Old French reprochier, Anglo-French repruchier, from reproche Related: Reproached; reproaching.
Serf: (N) –a slave late 15c., "slave," from Middle French serf, from Latin servum (nom. servus) "slave" Fallen from use in original sense by 18c. Meaning "lowest class of cultivators of the soil in continental European countries" is from 1610s. Use by modern writers with reference to medieval Europeans first recorded 1761 (contemporary Anglo-Latin records used nativus, villanus, or servus). Obstinate: (Adj.) –inflexible; stubborn; not yielding. mid-14c., from Latin obstinatus "resolute, resolved, determined, inflexible, stubborn," pp. of obstinare "persist, stand stubbornly, set one's mind on," from ob "by" stinare, related to stare "stand," from PIE root *sta- "to stand" . Related: Obstinately. Exult: (V) –to show or feel a lively or triumphant joy; rejoice; be highly elated or jubilant 1560s, "to leap up;" 1590s, "to rejoice, triumph," from Middle French exulter, from Latin exultare/exsultare...
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