Dickens begins his book by starting with Pip at the graveyard to create atmosphere and tension, by referring to death and tombstones. The story is set in a time were disease and death were common, before any major advances in medicine, and it was ordinary to loose a lot of your close family to illness. We are told by Pip, that his mother, father, and five little brothers were buried there but that is all we are told.
In Chapter 1 tension is started off when Philip known as Pip hadn’t seen his parents of any kind, Charles Dickens stated that in 1960 - 1961 they never had photographs of any kind, therefore Pip didn’t even know what his parents looked like.
Pip was able to see his parent’s tombstones; the shape of the letters on his father’s grave gave him an odd feeling that his father was a square, stout, dark man with curly black hair. He saw his mother in his imagination as a freckled and sickly lady, remember the only site of his parents he had was his imagination. .We view the dark and ominous looking clouds and the trees, which look like intimidating faces through Pip's eyes. This is because Charles Dickens wishes the viewer to sympathize for Pip, and so allows the viewer into Pips imagination and thoughts. The setting of a lonely boy on his own in the immense marshland contributes to Pip's vulnerability. Pip had an older sister who acted very much like a mother, her name was Mrs Joe Gargery and she was married too a blacksmith Mr Joe Gargery. There was a churchyard which was overgrown with nettles. That’s the place where his family were buried as so other people too. The wind was rushing, so was the sea small bundles of shivers growing afraid of it and Pip the young boy was beginning to cry. Pip was a young boy, he must have been scared, fear was building inside him and tension was creeping in. Pip the young boy heard a voice "keep still, you little devil, or ill cut your throat!" The voice Pip heard scared the living daylights out...
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