1. How does Dickens use setting to convey the mood right at the opening? Charles Dickens uses the imagery of a bleak, unforgiving Nature in his exposition of "Great Expectations" to convey the mood of fear in Chapter 1. The weather is described as "raw" and the graveyard a "bleak" place. The "small bundle of shivers" is Pip himself, who is terrified by a "fearful man, all in coarse grey, with a great iron on his leg." He is a desperate man, with broken shoes,as he grabs the orphan Pip. .
2. What does Dickens' description of the first convict tell us about him?
3. What is surprising about the narrative point-of- view Dickens has adopted? the narrator of Great Expectations is an adult who relates the narrative in his own voice, but he tells the story from his memory rather than as it happens. 4. How does Dickens contrast the convict and Pip?
Dickens, presents Pip as a "small bundle of shivers growing afraid...and beginning to cry", helpless, frightened, and innocent. The convict, in contrast, is "a fearful man" who "glare(s) and growl(s)"; he is rough, malevolent, and threatening. 5. But in what ways are these two characters similar?
Pip of "Great Expectations" is orphaned and is raised by his sister, Mrs. Gargery, who is not especially fond of him, beating him repeatedly with "Tickler." Consequently, Pip spends time alone and visits the graves of his parents in the lonely spot on the marshes. Although his has been a more oppressed life than that of Pip, the convict has grown up without real parents and has been knocked from one spot to another 6. What objects does the convict want brought to him?
The convict wants a file and food brought to him. He wants a file because he has a great iron on his leg. 7. What personal circumstance of Pip's is convenient for the convict? It is convenient to the convict that Pip lives with Joe, the blacksmith, for Pip can bring him a file with which to break free of the leg irons that hold him. Also, since Pip does not live far from where the prison ship is, the convict did not have to walk far to find the boy whom he has bring him food in addition to the file. Note: This is the first coincidence of a plot that comes to depend on coincidences. Vocabulary: “wittles" = vittles (food); “battery" = gun enplacement, in this case probably dating from the Napoleonic Wars, which ended at Waterloo in 1815.
1. How does Dickens arouse our sympathies for certain characters? In Chapter 2, Dickens arouses the reader's sympathies for Pip and Joe Gargery at the expense of Mrs. Joe. Mrs. Joe is rough and domineering, while the two males are passive and gentle, "fellow-sufferers" under Mrs. Joe's tyrannical hand. Mrs. Joe is described as "not a good-looking woman...(who) must have made Joe Gargery marry her by hand". She wears "a coarse apron" all the time, blaming the fact that she has to wear it on Pip and Joe, because of all the work they cause her. The apron has a "square impregnable bib in front", symbolic of the suppression of her womanhood and all womanly qualities. Pip, as established in the previous chapter, is small and insignificant, and Joe is described as "a mild, good-natured, sweet-tempered, easy-going, foolish, dear fellow - a sort of Hercules in strength, and also in weakness". Before the tempestuous nature of Mrs. Joe, the two try to get by as best they can together (Chapter 2). 2. Why does Pip live with village blacksmith Joe Gargery?
Pip lives with the village blacksmith Joe Gargery because his sister, Mrs. Joe, is married to Mr. Joe. 3. What is the nature of the relationship between these two characters?
4. What object that Pip takes the convict makes him feel guilty and nearly gets him discovered? He steals several things from home that day--food, a pork pie, brandy, and Joe's file. It is the pork pie, the brandy, and the file that almost get him caught. When he stole the brandy, he...