In the 1920’s, known as the Jazz Age, America still had to deal with post World War I problems such as the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles which eventually led to the Kellogg- Briand Pact to officially end the war for the U.S. But once all World War I issues were settled, the nation was finally able to flourish during the Jazz Age. Under the leadership of Calvin Coolidge and Wilson Harding, people gained more rights through acts such as the nineteenth amendment for women's suffrage and the Adjusted Compensation Act to get better pay for veterans. But after the flourish of the 1920s, America had to deal with the Great Depression the decade after which received mixed responses from both Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt. But little did the Presidents know that the Great Depression will become a major turning point in American history as the United States government tries to respond to the greatest economic disaster in American history. Before the Great Depression, America was flourishing mainly due to its great economy. One of the reasons why the economy was great was because Coolidge made the government proactive in the government by creating tax reform (Doc.1). With tax reform, the Fordney-McCumber Tariff Law was passed which raised the taxes on European goods. In addition to tax reform, a “second Industrial Revolution” emerged which consumer goods were made in massive amounts and communication devices became more advanced which helped the economy flourished and create common ground culturally for all Americans.