Great Compromise

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Roger Sherman’s Settlement
Roger Sherman’s Settlement

The Great Compromise of 1787 or the Connecticut Compromise of 1787 refers to the settlement of the dispute that rose due to conflicting views put forward by the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey plan. These plans proposed changes in the Articles of Confederation that was the aim of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787. However, whereas the Virginia Plan seemed to provide a greater representation of the more populated states in the national government, the New Jersey Plan was proposed by the smaller states aimed at preventing the balance of the US government from tilting in favor of the more populated states as per the Virginia The Virginia Plan also known as the Randolph Plan or the Large State Plan. The Virginia Plan proposed formation of a bicameral legislature which refers to having two chambers in the Parliament. As per this plan representation of each state in both the houses would be based on the size of the population of the states. The lower house would be elected by the people whereas the upper house would be elected by the members of lower house. The executive would be selected by the legislature. The responsibility of the executive would be to implement the laws passed by the legislature. The Virginia Plan also provided for the creation of a judiciary that other than having some judiciary powers would also have certain executive powers. This plan was supported by delegates from larger states which were Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and New York. The New Jersey Plan was in response to the Virginia Plan. Also known as the Small State Plan, the New Jersey plan was introduced by New Jersey delegate William Patterson. It was in response to the concern of smaller states that ratification of the Virginia Plan would give a greater representation to the larger, more populated states at national level. The New Jersey Plan proposed to maintain the Continental Congress in which...
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