1. Origins of state.
1. Types of Government
1. Parliamentary Monarchy. During the second half the sixteenth century, monarchs sought new revenues and the English monarchy failed but shaped subsequent political development. The Stuart kings aspired to the autocracy Louis XIV achieved. A the beginning of the XVII century, the English monarchy was strong, Parliament met only when the monarch needed financial support, but James I and Charles I imposed new sources of income without its own consent. Parliament opposed this behavior and several times Charles I dissolved it. The Parliament achieved the Petition of Rights and showed it had more power than the monarch and finally restored the order. (_________________citation)
2. Puritan Republic and then Military Dictatorship (1649-1658): Under the ruling of Oliver Cromwell known as Lord Protector in his second period (when he disbanned Parliament)
3. Constitutional Monarchy and Parliamentary Democracy:
1. Queen as the head of state. She exherts almost any power, her position is more like figurehead.
2. Prime minister leads the cabinet, which excersises the executive power of the Crown. The Parliament is the Supreme legislative power and its representatives seats for five years unless it is dissolved by specific causes. This parliament has two Houses:
1. House of Lords: 574 life peers, 92 hereditary peers, and 26 bishops
2. House of Commons: 651 popularly elected members
1. England has existed as a unified entity since the 10th century.
2. The current name of the country the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, was adopted in 1927.
3. Royal Families:
1. The Tudors:
1. Henry VIII imposed the Anglican Church as official religion,
2. Mary I tried to re-establish the Catholic church thou she failed,