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Grammar Simple Present and Past

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Grammar Simple Present and Past

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COMPLEJO EDUCATIVO REPARTO VALLE NUEVO

SIMPLE PRESENT AND SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Subject:
English

Students:
Andrade Ramos, Maria Emeli
Argueta Morán, Leslie Evelyn
Cerón Escobar, Maura Elena
Escobar Cáceres, Marjorie Naydine
Romero Regalado, Leticia Yamileth

Grade:11th

Assignment due to:
Tuesday, April 9th, 2013
Simple Present Tense
Grammatical Structures:
Subject+Auxiliary verb+main verb
(do) (base)
There are three important exceptions:
* For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary. * For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add “s “to the main verb or “es” to the auxiliary. * For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives. * Afirmative:

Subject + Verb(Present) + Complement.
Examples:
1. I play tennis.
2. He dances salsa music.
3. They eat breakfast.
4. The boy goes to school.
5. You need help.
* Negative:
Subject + Auxiliary (Do not/ does not) + Verb (Base form) + Complement. Examples:
1. I don’t play tennis.
2. He doesn’t dance salsa music.
3. They don’t eat breakfast.
4. The boy doesn’t go to school.
5. You don’t need help.
* Interrogative Questions (yes/no)
Auxiliary (Do/does)+ Subject + Verb (Base form) + Complement. Examples:
1. Do you play tennis?
2. Does he dance salsa music?
3. Do they eat breakfast?
4. Does the boy go to school?
5. Do you need help?
* Information Questions
WH Question Word + Auxiliary(Do/does) + Subject + Verb(Base form) + Complement. Examples:
1. When do you play tennis?
2. Why does he dance salsa music?
3. What do they eat for breakfast?
4. How does the boy go to school?
5. When do you need help?
Use:
We use the present simple tense when:
* the action is general.
* the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future. * the action is not only happening now....

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