Grade 7 Social Studies
China Builds an Empire
Use the map and timeline on page 208-209 to answer the following questions. 1.
What natural land feature covers over a fourth of the land of China? The Himalayas – tallest mountains in the world
What two deserts are found in China?
The Gobi Desert and the Taklimakan Desert
Based on the physical geography of China where would most people live?
In eastern China
What time period is covered on this map? present day - timeline covers 200 -1600 5.
When did the spread of Buddhism in China take place?
Lesson 7-1 Reunifing China
What was the Han Dynasty known for? A time of progress and prosperity
When did the Han Dynasty fall? 220
What happened in China after the fall of the Han Dynasty? Conflict and
Who ruled during this time? Various kingdoms fought with each other to
What other problems did China suffer from during this time? Floods,
droughts, and food shortages
What did the invading Mongols eventually do? Settle down and adopt the
What is Confucianism? a belief system based on the ideas of Confucius
What principles were emphasized in Confuciabism?
Use right relationships to produce social order
Respect family and older generations
Educate individuals and society
Act in morally correct ways
How did Confucianism influence Chinese life? Education helped produce an efficient well trained government - society benefited from the ideas of respect that were taught
When did Confucianism begin to lose its influence? When the Han
Dynasty lost power
Where did Buddhism begin? India
What is Buddhism based on? The teachings of Siddhartha Gautama
What was Siddhartha Gautama known as? Budda or the Enlightened One
What were the principles of Buddhism?
Suffering is a part of life
The reasons people suffer is because they are too attached to
Material possessions and selfish ideas
By living wise, moral, and thoughtful way people can eventually
Learn to escape suffering
Where did Buddhism eventually spread to? Korea and Japan
What was Daoism? A believe system that seeks harmony with nature and
When and where did Daoism begin? China 500s
When did a blending of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism take place?
During the Song Dynasty
What Dynasty reunified China? The Sui Dynasty
Who founded the Sui Dynasty? Yang Jian
How did Yang Jian take over rule? He killed his Grandson (heir to the
throne) and killed 59 royal princes
What was Yang Jian later known as? Wendi
How did Wendi reunify China? Restored old political traditions
reduced conflict by allowing people to follow their own belief
system, began public works projects – rebuild parts of Great Wall
of China and Grand Canal
Why did the Sui Dynasty fall? People were tired of the high taxes and
What Dynasty followed the Sui Dynasty? The Tang Dynasty
How long did it last for? Almost 300 years
What were the accomplishments of the Tang Dynasty? Expanded borders
on all sides, built more roads and canals, followed the Confucian
ideas of how government should run, did not raise taxes too high,
and gave land to the poor
How did Taizong come into power? Killed two brothers and 10 of his
Who was Wu Zhoa? Only woman to occupy the throne , did not leave
power until she was 80 years old – re-conquered Korea
What emperor is credited with bringing art and literature? Xuanzong
Lesson 7-2 Advances...
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