Gracia's Work

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Sherlyn U. Dulay
BSIP 2A
Sir.Voie

Chapter 5 (Moral Theories and the Practice of Moral Analysis)

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice seeks interdisciplinary cooperation between ethics, theology and empirical disciplines such as medicine, economics, sociology, psychology and law. It recognizes that distinctions between theory and practice are, to a large extent, artificial. The journal therefore aims to publish theoretically relevant 'practical' ethics and practically relevant 'theoretical' ethics. Kantian ethics are deontological, revolving entirely around duty rather than emotions or end goals. All actions are performed in accordance with some underlying maxim or principle, which are deeply different from each other; it is according to this that the moral worth of any action is judged. Kant's ethics are founded on his view of rationality as the ultimate good and his belief that all people are fundamentally rational beings. This led to the most important part of Kant's ethics, the formulation of the Categorical Imperative, which is the criterion for whether a maxim is good or bad.Kantian Ethics, if the purpose of life were just to achieve happiness, then we woud all seek pleasure and gratification and hope that these efforts would lead to the happiness. However the happiness is not totally within our powerto achieve to a large extent, happiness is a matter of luck. Utilitarianism is a normative ethical theory that places the locus of right and wrong solely on the outcomes (consequences) of choosing one action/policy over other actions/policies. As such, it moves beyond the scope of one's own interests and takes into account the interests of others.

Chapter 6 (Standard of everyday morality)

Morality impacts our everyday decisions, and those choices are directed by our conscience. Again, we must decide for ourselves where the conscience originates. Many people hold to the idea that the conscience is a matter of our hearts, that concepts of right,...
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