International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology- Volume3Issue2- 2012 ISSN: 2231-5381 http://www.internationaljournalssrg.org Page 161 GPS – GSM Based Tracking System
Abid khan#1, Ravi Mishra*2
1#M.E.(Student), Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Department SSCET, CSVTU, Bhilai, India
Sr. Assistant Professor
*2Electronics and Electrical Engineering Department
SSCET, CSVTU, Bhilai, India
Abstract- This proposed work is an attempt to design a tracking unit that uses the global positioning system to determine the precise location of a object, person or other asset to which it is attached and using GSM modem this information can be
transmit to remote user. It can provide tele-monitoring system for inter-cities transportation vehicles such as taxis and buses. This system contains single-board embedded system that is
equipped with GPS and GSM modems along with ARM
processor that is installed in the vehicle. During object motion, its location can be reported by SMS message. A software package is developed to read, process, analyze and store the incoming SMS messages. The use of GSM and GPS technologies allows the
system to track object and provides the most up-to-date
information about ongoing trips. If a password like SMS is sent by the owner, it automatically stops the vehicle or we can use it for different other work, it can provide real time control. This system finds its application in real time traffic surveillance. It could be used as a valuable tool for real time traveler. The current system can be able to provide monitoring process from anywhere. The purpose of this system is to design and integrate a new system which is integrated with GPS- GSM to provide
following feature: a) Location information, b) Real time tracking using SMS, c) track bus driver activity d) Communication is
instantaneous therefore we can receive running report quickly. It is completely integrated so that once it is implemented in all vehicles, then it is easy to track vehicles any time.
Keywords-Embedded ARM, GPS, GSM, NMEA Protocol.
Proposed design is cost-effective, reliable and has the
function of accurate tracking. When large object or vehicles were spread out over ground, the owner corporations often
found it difficult to keep track of what was happening. They required some type of system to determine where each object
was at any given time and for how long it travelled. Also the need of tracking in consumer’s vehicle use to prevent any
kind of theft because police can use tracking reports to locate stolen vehicle. GSM and GPS based tracking system will
provide effective, real time vehicle location, and reporting. A GPS- GSM based tracking system will inform where your
vehicle is and where it has been, how long it has been. The
system uses geographic position and time information from
the Global Positioning Satellites. The system has an "On-
Board Module" which resides in the vehicle to be tracked.
The On-Board module consists of GPS receiver, a GSM
modem and ARM processor. It can provide tele-monitoring
and management system for inter-cities transportation
vehicles such as taxis and buses.
During vehicle motion, its real-time parameters such as
location are reported by SMS message. The system takes
advantage of wireless technology in providing powerful
management transportation engine. The use of GSM and
GPS technologies allows the system to track vehicle and
provides the most up-to-date information about ongoing
trips. This system finds its application in real time traffic surveillance. It could be used as a valuable tool for real time traveler information, congestion monitoring, and system
evaluation.  An intelligent, automated vehicle tracking
system can resolve following problems such as, late arrivals to scheduled, improper use of company time and resources,
unsafe driving habits, assigned routes, inefficient
dispatching, and passenger’s dissatisfaction....
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