November 19, 2011
Intro to Hum
Artist, Writers, and Composer
Goya was most important Spanish artist of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. His full name was Francisco José de Goya, Born in Fuendetodos, he later moved with his parents to Saragossa and, at the age of fourteen, began studying with the painter José Luzán Martínez who live from 1710 to 1785. Goya came to artistic maturity during this age of enlightenment. The painter brothers Francisco and Ramón Bayeu y Subías had set up shop in 1763 and Goya joined their shop/studio, eventually marrying the brother’s sister Josefa. Goya's intro to the royal workshops was a relationship that lasted the rest of his life and spanned four ruling monarchies began in 1774. As Goya continued to move in circles of royal patronage, he received more commissions from the aristocracy. Between 1785 and 1788, he painted executives and their families from the Bank of San Carlos, including the count of Altamira. At the age of forty, Goya was appointed painter to King Charles III, and, in 1789, he was promoted to court painter under the newly accessioned Charles IV. Goya became isolated from political and intellectual life in Madrid, between 1820 and 1823; he completed a series of very private works in fresco at his small country retreat, Quinta del Sordo (the Deaf Man's House). Today referred to as the Black Paintings, they are compelling in their sinister and often horrifying scenes with dark, emotional undertones. Throughout his life the composer Ludwig van Beethoven completed numerous works. Each piece has its own style and design, and included variation and modulation. Little is known about Beethoven's actual birth, due to the idea that Beethoven believed himself to be two years younger than his family and community suggested he was. Beethoven was the second child born to his parents, and was their only child who would ever show any interest and talent in the fine arts, namely musical composition and...
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