Governments Should Implement Policies to Encourage the Use of Renewable Energy Resources Instead of Fossil Fuels to Conserve the Environment of a Country

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Global warming is a severe problem facing the world today. Based on the 2007 Fourth Assessment Report (AR4 2007) by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), as Earth’s climate began to change due to the rise of global temperature, there will be an increased tendency for drought, melting of ice sheets in Greenland or Antarctica and this will pose a major threat to human existence. The greenhouse effect is much to be blamed for global warming as carbon dioxide accumulated at the atmosphere will prevent most of the outgoing infrared radiation at the atmosphere from escaping into outer space. The main source of carbon dioxide emission is the burning of fossil fuels to generate energy in order to meet our daily requirements. Although the dependable energy supply by fossil fuel is essential in our every day life, because of its adverse effect is why the government should implement policies to encourage the use of renewable energy resources to conserve the environment. Fossil fuels like coal, petroleum, uranium, natural gases are non-renewable energy sources, which mean these resources cannot be re-made or regenerated. In contrast to that, renewable energy resources like hydroelectric energy, solar energy, wind energy, and geothermal energy do not deplete, or it will take a substantially long time to deplete them as it can be replenished by nature.

Statistics has shown that there is an increase in the investment of renewable energy over the pass few years, in 2007 more than $100 billion was invested in renewable energy (Renewables 2007 Global Status Report 2007, p. 16). Even China which has overtaken the United States as the world’s leading producer of greenhouse gases (cited in Joseph Kahn and Jim Yardley 2007 p.1). is switching to renewable energy resources(Renewables 2007 Global Status Report 2007, p. 8). The main reason for the switch to renewable energy is because it is environmentally-friendly and it will not affects the balance of the ecosystem....
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