Gothic Literature

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Frankenstein: Mood Set by Romantic and Gothic Literature
The creature’s deformed figure stands alone, lit up by a bolt of lightning, against the backdrop of a country sky. In this light, he is both a Romantic and Gothic figure. Authors use elements of Romantic and Gothic literature to convey the mood of a story. Romantic literature mainly focuses on intense emotions, the individual imagination, and the image of nature. In contrast, Gothic literature put a twist on Romantic literature and focused on darkness, mystery, and the capability nature had to destroy. While reading Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, readers are exposed to a compilation of Romantic and Gothic elements. Shelley utilizes Romanticism to set a sympathetic, inspirational and relaxed mood. Often, Frankenstein refers to the sublime, nature, and Victor’s emotions which are Romantic topics. In contrast to this, Shelley includes Gothic characteristics to create the mood of Frankenstein. The gloomy settings, frightening weather and the grotesque experiment are all Gothic elements that contribute to establish a mysterious, eerie, and suspenseful mood. The novel Frankenstein centers around the fruition of a grotesque idea, and how Victor creates a violent and unnatural some of the romantic ideas to be hidden from the reader; these apparent themes occupy the reader’s attention. However, if the reader is analytical, they will be able to notice an abundance of romantic elements. The Romantics believed that it was your imagination that would start a new understanding of the world, humans, and their society. Victor’s method of creating the monster is gothic, but he has a romantic way of seeing the process. For instance, “Life and death appeared to me ideal bounds, which I should first break through… A new species would bless me as its creator and source; many happy and excellent natures would owe their being to me” (Shelley 32). Victor dreamed of otherworldly and unachievable ideals, but he had a very positive...
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