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Encyclopedia of
Gothic Literature

Encyclopedia of
Gothic Literature
MARY ELLEN SNODGRASS

Encyclopedia of Gothic Literature
Copyright © 2005 by Mary Ellen Snodgrass
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage or retrieval systems, without permission in writing from the publisher. For information contact:

Facts On File, Inc.
132 West 31st Street
New York NY 10001
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Snodgrass, Mary Ellen.
Encyclopedia of Gothic Literature / by Mary Ellen Snodgrass. p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-8160-5528-9 (alk. paper)
1. Gothic revival (Literature)—Encyclopedias. I. Title: Encyclopedia of Gothic literature. II. Title.
PN3435.S58 2005
809′.911—dc22
2004046986
Facts On File books are available at special discounts when purchased in bulk quantities for businesses, associations, institutions, or sales promotions. Please call our Special Sales Department in New York at (212) 967-8800 or (800) 322-8755. You can find Facts On File on the World Wide Web at http://www.factsonfile.com Text design by Joan M. Toro

Cover design by Semadar Megged
Printed in the United States of America
VB Hermitage 10

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This book is printed on acid-free paper.

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For my friend Diana Norman, who is ever an example
to me of careful research and spirited writing
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CONTENTS
Preface
Introduction
A-to-Z Entries
Major Works of Gothic Literature
Major Authors of Gothic Literature and Their Works
A Time Line of Gothic Literature
Film Noir and Classic Gothic Works as Cinema
Bibliography of Primary Sources
Bibliography of Secondary Sources
Index

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xiii
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375
391
415
436
438
445
466

Imagination is a capricious rover, fond of every object that carries it out of the track of daily and familiar occurrences. It loves to traverse the pathless desert and enchanted forest, to roam amidst wild uncultivated nature, and amuse itself

with the extravagant effects of untutored passions.
—Poet Elizabeth Carter in a letter to Elizabeth Vesey, August 14, 1780 A man who does not contribute his quota of grim story nowadays, seems hardly to be free of the republic of letters. He is bound to wear a death’s head as part of his insignia. If he does not frighten everybody, he is nobody. If he does not shock the ladies,

what can be expected of him?
—Leigh Hunt, Tale for a Chimney Corner (1819)

PREFACE
E

Messent, Michael Meyer, Robert Mighall, Kay
Mussell, Elizabeth Napier, Margot Northey, Joyce
Carol Oates, Paul Ranger, Gabriel Ronay, Victor
Sage, Cannon Schmitt, Andrew Smith, Robert
Spector, Jack Sullivan, Tsvetan Todorov, Yi-Fu
Tuan, James Twitchell, S. L. Varnado, Andrew
Webber, Susan Williams, Judith Wilt, and Leonard
Wolf. Of particular merit are the analyses of Margaret Atwood, Susan Gubar, Sandra Gilbert, H. P .
Lovecraft, David Punter, Montague Summers,
Mary Tarr, Devendra Varma, and Anne Williams.
In addition to a panoply of recovered Gothic works
and facsimile editions are the handy electronic
texts, including biographies from the University of
Pennsylvania and Sheffield Hallam University, The
Literary Encyclopedia, Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, the illustrations of George Cruikshank from Princeton University, Dickens’s London, The
Northanger Canon, and Chris Willis’s Web sites.
Rounding out the text are additional study
aids to particularize the lives of writers such as
William Cullen Bryant and August Wilson; published works including Bellefleur and “The House of Night”; and details of Japanese Gothic, La
Llorona, chiaroscuro, premature burial, and
Gothic serials. Reference helps include alphabetic
listings of major titles and authors, a time line of
the evolution of Gothic literature, an overview of
cinematic versions,...
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