April 24, 2011
Gothic Art is concerned with the painting, sculpture, architecture, and music characteristic of the second of two great international eras that flourished in western and central Europe during the middle Ages. It is a form of art which encompasses not only paintings and sculptures, but also religious artifacts and magnificent cathedrals. The entire world knows Westminster Abbey. The original building was founded in 960 AD, however, very little of it remains today. The present building dates from the reign of King Henry III. In 1245 he had the eastern part of the 11th century Abbey destroyed, which had been founded by King Edward the Confessor and dedicated in 1065. Earlier in Henry's reign, on 16 May 1220, he had personally laid the foundation stone for a new Lady Chapel at the east end of the Confessor's church, but as the Abbey's own financial resources were not sufficient to continue the rebuilding of the whole church at this time no other work was carried out (WestminsterAbbey.com, 2011). The first cathedral at Rouen was built in 396 by Bishop Victricius. This was destroyed by the invading Normans, who replaced it with a larger cathedral with a wooden vault. Consecrated in 1063 in the presence of William the Conqueror, all that remains of this building is the crypt beneath the choir. Rouen Cathedral was rebuilt in 1145 by Bishop Hugues d'Amiens based on the new Gothic style he had seen at Saint-Denis Basilica in Paris. After a fire in 1200 destroyed all but the nave arcades, the Saint-Romain tower and the left portal, reconstruction began at once. The choir and the rest of the cathedral were built in the more mature Gothic style of the 13th century, completed around 1250 (Sacred Destinations, 2011). Lincoln Cathedral is one of the finest medieval buildings in Europe, which towers above Lincoln, which is a prominent landmark for...