A Comparison of the Synoptic Gospel|
This is a research report of what I read and studied among the two paragraphs in Throckmorton’s Gospel Parallels: Paragraph 6, “The Baptism of Jesus,” and Paragraph 249, “The Crucifixion.” This report will note where the parallel Gospels differ and where they are similar. Additionally, you will find interpretations by me of the text critical notes and then I’ll decide which reading is the better one. |
“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of Heaven” (Matthew 5:3). The Beatitudes are a group of sayings by Jesus that began with the words, “Blessed are,” and went on to identify who was blessed and why. It then finished with an exhortation. In this first case, the “poor in spirit” are those who are blessed because they will receive the kingdom of Heaven. The Beatitudes can only be found in Matthew and Luke, and while they have many similarities, there are also differences. These help us to discover things about the sources used, as well as the intention of the author.
First of all, one must note that Mark was not used as a source, since the Beatitudes are not found in Mark, yet Matthew and Luke still have many exact or common phrases. The similarities point to a common source, which we will call “Q.” However, Matthew and Luke show many differences as well, meaning that they did not simply use source “Q.” Matthew and Luke each inserted some sort of oral or written tradition before writing their own text.
Many of the blessings stated in the texts are parallel between the two gospels. They both talk about the poor as well as the kingdom of Heaven. They talk about those who are hungry and how they will be filled. They also talk about those who are hated on account of Jesus. Finally, they end with a command to rejoice, for those persecuted will have a great reward in Heaven since the same...