Gorillas: “in Verge of Extinction”

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·Gorilla …………………………………………………………………pg.3 ·Physical characteristics and behavior…………………………….. pg.4 ·Endangerment………………………………………………………...pg.5

Gorilla’s

The gorilla is the largest primate, weighing as much as 275 kg (600 lb). Gorillas are forest-associated animals. Most gorillas inhabit lowland tropical rainforests and montane rainforests between 1500 - 3500 m (4900 - 11,500 ft). Different populations have exhibited preferences for forest margins, secondary forest, swamp forests, bamboo forests, riverside forests and primary forest. The diets of the eastern and western gorilla populations differ considerably. Eastern animals are predominantly folivorous, but those in the west eat great quantities of fruit. Gorillas spend most of their time foraging on the ground, although young animals and females, particularly lowland gorillas, frequently feed and sleep in trees.Before nightfall, they settle into their nests, which are freshly constructed each night. Gorillas live in groups ranging in size from 2 individuals to as many as 38. The western populations have smaller group sizes, averaging 5 members, whereas eastern groups average 9 (website).

Gorillas are divided into two species and either four or five subspecies. Its DNA is 97%- 98% identical to that of a human, and are the next closest living relatives to humans after the two chimpanzee species. The gorilla is found in two principal areas: equatorial West Africa and eastern Central Africa. The western lowland gorilla subspecies occurs in West Africa and is the most widespread. The recently identified Cross River gorilla, the rarest of the gorilla subspecies, is found on both sides of the Nigeria-Cameroon border. The eastern lowland gorilla subspecies occurs in the eastern portion of The Democratic Republic of the Congo. The mountain gorilla subspecies occurs in two populations, one on the extinct volcanoes of the Virunga Range along the borders of Rwanda, Uganda...
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