United States , and public health experts estimate that an additional million or more
gonorrhea infections go unreported each year . Although these numbers seem very large
, the disease occurs less frequently now than it did in the early 1980s . The rate of
young unmarried people between the ages of 15 and 24 , however it
remains very highly . Study results released in 1988 by the National Academy of
Sciences and the Institute for Health Policy estimate that $ 1 billion is now being spent
each year in the United States for the diagnosis and treatment of gonorrhea .
Gonorrhea is caused by bacteria . It is almost always spread through sexual
activity involving direct contact with mucous membranes . It is readily transmitted
through vaginal , anal , or oral intercourse . The cervix , the urinary tract , the mouth , and
the rectum provide ideal points of entry for the disease . In woman , the most common
site of infection is the cervix . In men , it is the uretha . The infection can be spread from
a man's penis to the throat of his sex partner , it is much less likely that a man will
contract or spread the disease by performing oral sex on a female partner .
This disease can also be passed from a mother to her baby during childbirth
The greatest danger for the newborn is blindness , but this can be prevented by placing a
few drops of silver nitrate in the child's eyes immediately after delivery . Because this
treatment is so safe and effective , it has become standard procedure for all babies born in
hospitals throughout the United States . Children who are infected with gonorrhea during
birth can be cured and , if treated early , rarely suffer any effects from the disease.
One reason that gonorrhea continues to occur is that it is not always easy to
detect. Symptoms usually develop within gonorrhea, fewer than 20% experience
noticeable symptoms until more serious complications develop, although these women
will be able to transmit the disease before symptoms appear. The most common signs of
gonorrhea are inflammation of the cervix and secretion of a white or yellow discharge.
Urination may become painful as well as more frequent, the infection can cause arthritis
and blood infection . it is one of the primary causes of pelvic inflammatory disease , the
symptons of which include fever , chills , and abdominal and back pain . PID frequently
results in permanent sterility .
Gonorrhea is somewhat simpler to detect in men . Early symptoms will be
extremely noticeable at least 75% of the time and generally occur within 1 week from the
time of exposure . The most common are a burning sensation during urination , a white or
yellowish discharge from the penis , and soreness and swelling at the opening of the
uretha . Both men and women who contract gonorrhea through anal intercourse may
experience inflammation of the anus , painful bowel movements , and a puslike
A diagnosis of gonorrhea can be confirmed through either a culture test or a
Grams strain teat . Frequently , both are used . The culture test is performed with a
sample of the discharge taken from the cervix , urethra , anus , or throat , depending on
the site of infection . The sample is allowed to incubate for at least two days and is then
examined for the presence
of gonorrhea bacteria , The Gram's stain test provides faster
results bit is less accurate in diagnosing gonorrhea in women. A sample of the discharge
is applied toa...