Gonorrhea: Inflammation and Mucous Membranes

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Approximately 1 million new cases of this disease are reported each year in the

United States , and public health experts estimate that an additional million or more

gonorrhea infections go unreported each year . Although these numbers seem very large

, the disease occurs less frequently now than it did in the early 1980s . The rate of

infection among
young unmarried people between the ages of 15 and 24 , however it

remains very highly . Study results released in 1988 by the National Academy of

Sciences and the Institute for Health Policy estimate that $ 1 billion is now being spent

each year in the United States for the diagnosis and treatment of gonorrhea .

Gonorrhea is caused by bacteria . It is almost always spread through sexual

activity involving direct contact with mucous membranes . It is readily transmitted

through vaginal , anal , or oral intercourse . The cervix , the urinary tract , the mouth , and

the rectum provide ideal points of entry for the disease . In woman , the most common

site of infection is the cervix . In men , it is the uretha . The infection can be spread from

a man's penis to the throat of his sex partner , it is much less likely that a man will

contract or spread the disease by performing oral sex on a female partner .

This disease can also be passed from a mother to her baby during childbirth

The greatest danger for the newborn is blindness , but this can be prevented by placing a

few drops of silver nitrate in the child's eyes immediately after delivery . Because this

treatment is so safe and effective , it has become standard procedure for all babies born in

hospitals throughout the United States . Children who are infected with gonorrhea during

birth can be cured and , if treated early , rarely suffer any effects from the disease.

One reason that gonorrhea continues to occur is that it is not always easy to

detect. Symptoms usually develop within gonorrhea, fewer than 20% experience

noticeable symptoms until more serious complications develop, although these women

will be able to transmit the disease before symptoms appear. The most common signs of

gonorrhea are inflammation of the cervix and secretion of a white or yellow discharge.

Urination may become painful as well as more frequent, the infection can cause arthritis

and blood infection . it is one of the primary causes of pelvic inflammatory disease , the

symptons of which include fever , chills , and abdominal and back pain . PID frequently

results in permanent sterility .

Gonorrhea is somewhat simpler to detect in men . Early symptoms will be

extremely noticeable at least 75% of the time and generally occur within 1 week from the

time of exposure . The most common are a burning sensation during urination , a white or

yellowish discharge from the penis , and soreness and swelling at the opening of the

uretha . Both men and women who contract gonorrhea through anal intercourse may

experience inflammation of the anus , painful bowel movements , and a puslike

discharge .

A diagnosis of gonorrhea can be confirmed through either a culture test or a

Grams strain teat . Frequently , both are used . The culture test is performed with a

sample of the discharge taken from the cervix , urethra , anus , or throat , depending on

the site of infection . The sample is allowed to incubate for at least two days and is then

examined for the presence
of gonorrhea bacteria , The Gram's stain test provides faster

results bit is less accurate in diagnosing gonorrhea in women. A sample of the discharge

is applied toa...
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