Gonorrhea: Human Sexual Behavior and Sexual Partners

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There are many different types of communicable diseases throughout the world. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other organisms cause these diseases, and if a person is infected, he or she can suffer from serious illness or life-threatening conditions. Communicable diseases are spread by direct contact with an infected person or by touching an object that has been contaminated with the transmittable organism. Some diseases are airborne and some can only be transmitted through the bloodstream or during sexual activity. Gonorrhea, is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and it can infect both males and females of all ages.

Gonorrhea can be spread from person to person through contact with the mouth, vagina, penis or anus. Although most people contract Gonorrhea spreads from person to person via vaginal intercourse, anal sex and oral sex.

Gonorrhea most often affects the urethra, rectum or throat. In females, gonorrhea can also infect the cervix. Most people contract gonorrhea during sex. But babies can be infected during childbirth if their mothers are infected. In babies, gonorrhea most commonly affects the eyes. Gonorrhea is a common infection, and in some cases, causes no symptoms. You may not even know that you're infected. Abstaining from sex, using a condom if you do have sex and being in a mutually monogamous relationship are the best ways to prevent sexually transmitted infections.

Penile infection usually causes burning with urination and a urethral discharge.

The bacteria grow in warm, moist areas of the body, including the tube that carries urine out of the body (urethra). In women, the bacteria may be found in the reproductive tract (which includes the fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix). The bacteria can even grow in the eyes. Health care providers in every state in the U.S. are required by law to tell their State Board of Health about anyone diagnosed with gonorrhea. The goal of this law is make...
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