The Gods of ancient Greece resided at the top of Mount Olympus in Thessaly. There was a gate of clouds reserved by the goddess named the Seasons which was opened to allow the passage of gods to earth and their return to heaven. Each god had their separate residences but when summoned they met at the palace of Jupiter which also included those that lived on earth, the water, and the underworld. This is also where they ate, drank and discussed the business of heaven and earth. The following gods and goddesses are important fixtures in Greek Mythology: Zeus, the ruler of heaven and earth; Aphrodite, the goddess of sexual love; Persephone, the daughter of Demeter and Zeus; Apollo, Zeus’ son and the god of prophecy, divination, and the arts and was also a sun-god; Artemis, Apollo’s twin sister and the goddess of hunting and archery; Eros, the god of love; Athena, the goddess of wisdom, war and crafts; Hera, the goddess of marriage; and Poseidon, the god of the sea and earthquakes;
Zeus, the son of Cronos, dethroned his father by giving him a drug that made him spew out all the children he had previously swallowed, and with their help he waged war against his father and the Titans. His victory declared him the ruler over heaven and earth. Even though he was the god who ruled over Olympus, he was ruled by the laws of fate so therefore he was not all-powerful.
Aphrodite was married to the god Hephaestus, who because he was born lame was thrown from Olympus. Because Aphrodite was never faithful to him, he became very jealous and after hearing his wife was with her lover Ares, the god of war, with whom she had many children, Hephaestus designed a net made of metal to trap the lovers, calling all the gods to witness the offense. Poseidon promised compensation so that the lovers could be freed. Persephone, the daughter of Zeus and Demeter was carried off by Hades to be his queen in the underworld. Distraught by this, Demeter rejected her duties until her...
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