God is most often conceived of as the creator and overseer of the universe. Theologians have ascribed a variety of attributes to the many different conceptions of God. The most common among these include omniscience, omnipotence, omnipresence, omnibenevolence (perfect goodness), divine simplicity, jealousy, supernatural, and eternal and necessary existence. God has also been conceived as being incorporeal, a personal being, the source of all moral obligation, and the "greatest conceivable existent". These attributes were all supported to varying degrees by the early Jewish, Christian and Muslim theologian philosophers, including Maimonides., Augustine of Hippo, and Al-Ghazali, respectively. Many notable medieval philosophers developed arguments for the existence of God, attempting to wrestle with the apparent contradictions implied by many of these attributes.
* 1 Etymology and usage
* 2 Names of God
* 3 Conceptions of God
* 4 Existence of God
* 5 Theological approaches
o 5.1 Theism and Deism
* 6 History of monotheism
o 6.1 Monotheism and pantheism
o 6.2 Dystheism and nontheism
* 7 Scientific positions regarding God
o 7.1 Anthropomorphism
* 8 Distribution of belief in God
* 9 References
* 10 Notes
* 11 External links
Etymology and usage
Main article: God (word)
The earliest written form of the Germanic word god comes from the 6th century Christian Codex Argenteus. The English word itself is derived from the Proto-Germanic * ǥuđan. Most linguists agree that the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European form * ǵhu-tó-m was based on the root * ǵhau(ə)-, which meant either "to call" or "to invoke".
The capitalized form God was first used in Wulfila's Gothic translation of the New Testament, to... [continues]
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(2008, 09). Is God True. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 09, 2008, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/God-True-166220.html
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