Philosophy 12 Hour 5
9 April 2013
God, the Bible, and Science
There are many who believe that God and science are incompatible, but this is not so, William Lane Craig gives six examples in his article, “What is the Relationship between Science and Religion?” Such as, “Religion furnishes the conceptual framework in which science can flourish” (Craig) in other words it was because of religion, Christianity that birthed science. Second, “Science can both falsify and verify claims of religion. When religions make claims about the natural world, they intersect the domain of science and are, in effect, making predictions which scientific investigation can either verify or falsify” (Craig) Craig gives examples such as, the Greek and Indian religions that believed that the sky laid on Atlantis and that the earth rested on the back of a giant turtle, science disproved these; while science verifies that the Bible says that God created the earth and that nothing existed before then, John Barrow and Frank Tipler were able to discover that there was a creation out of nothing. Also, “Science encounters metaphysical problems which religion can help to solve” (Craig) like why do things exist, and how does one know they love? Now, “Religion can help to adjudicate between scientific theories” (Craig) and an example Craig gave was of the Special Theory of Relativity, Einstein believed that there was no “now” in time, but that every moment existed at the same time, but H.A. Lorentz believed that there is an absolute “now”, but because of motion effecting the means of measuring one cannot be completely sure which events are happening right now. The fifth reason is, “Religion can augment the explanatory power of science” (Craig) such as the beginning of life, is evolution right, but then why does it have so many holes? So then what about the God theory, even though there are stills so many questions about Him. Lastly is, “Science can establish a premise in an argument for a conclusion having religious significance” (Craig) anything that has a beginning in existence must have had a cause, the universe had a beginning so the universe had a cause, what was that cause? For many the obvious answer here is God was the cause.
Science’s purpose is to find the truth and gather knowledge. Science is a way to shed light and understanding on the unknown, it explains the unknown and creates new ways to live life. For example, electricity was harnessed and as a result the light bulb was created. Karl Pearson states, “The goal of science is clear- it is nothing short of the complete interpretation of the universe… The scientific method is the sole gateway to the whole region of knowledge” (Clark 144). Science is a way to know things, although it is not without limitations, science is a world of facts but not all facts are scientific facts, and not all are dependable, for even though science’s purpose is to discover the truth, science is not a body of truths. Science has a difficult time knowing when to depend on a fact or truth because it has accuracy problems, as Clark states here, “Thus it is seen that the falsity of science derives directly from its ideal of accuracy. The scientist wants mathematical accuracy; and when he cannot discover it, makes it. Since he chooses his law from among an infinite number of equally possible laws, the probability that he has chosen the “true” law is one over infinity, that is, zero; or in plain English, the scientist has no chance of hitting upon the “real” laws of nature… The scientist’s world is perfectly mathematical, but the sense world is not.” (Clark 149). Science wants to be perfectly mathematical even if it goes against logic, and as a result it can miss even the simplest truths. These limitations and...
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