Gloria Arroyo

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  • Topic: Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Joseph Estrada, Philippines
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Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is the 14th President of the Philippines and the current representative of the second district of Pampanga. She is the second female president of the Philippines, after President Corazon Cojuangco Aquino; and the first female vice-president of the country. Prior to her ascendancy as president in 2001, Arroyo served in government as vice president, senator, and a Cabinet secretary, undersecretary, and assistant secretary. An economist by training, she was also a professor of economics in leading Philippine tertiary educational institutions. Arroyo's political standing since 2001 has been marked by triumphs, setbacks, and controversies. She was seen as the unifying figure in the Philippines after EDSA II and the one given credit for the country's modest economic growth from 2001 onwards. Internationally, she has been a consistent choice in Forbes Magazine's list of the World's 100 Most Powerful Women, ranking number 4 and 45 in 2005 and 2006, respectively. However, President Arroyo has also been continuously hounded by questions regarding her political legitimacy, threats of impeachment, military adventurism, and a fragile peace and order situation. -------------------------------------------------

Family Background
Arroyo was born in San Juan and her parents were former President Diosdado Pangan Macapagal, the 9th president of the Philippines; and Evangelina Macaraeg Macapagal, a medical doctor. Although born in San Juan, Arroyo also spent her formative years in Iligan City as she lived – though intermitently – with her maternal grandmother, Irinea de la Cruz Macaraeg, until the age of 11. In 1961, she moved with her family to Malacañang Palace as her father was elected president of the Philippines. Arroyo was married to lawyer Jose Miguel Tuason Arroyo on August 2, 1968. The Arroyos have three children; Juan Miguel, more popularly known as Mikey; Evangelina Lourdes or Luli; and Diosdado Ignacio or Dato. Except for Luli, the Arroyo brothers are also into politics. Mikey is the congressional representative of the 2nd district of Pampanga while Dato is the congressional representative of the 1st district of Camarines Sur.

Arroyo went to the Assumption Convent from 1954 to 1960 for her primary education; and from 1960 to 1964 for her secondary education where she was the class valedictorian of the graduating class. In 1964, she was sent to the United States to study at the Georgetown University Walsh School of Foreign Service. She returned to the Philippines after two years and continued her studies at the Assumption College where she earned a BA in economics, graduating magna cum laude in 1968. Arroyo also earned an MA from the Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU) in 1978 and a PhD from the University of the Philippines (UP) School of Economics in 1985. -------------------------------------------------

Macapagal-Arroyo Presidency: 2001-2004
On January 20, 2001, the Supreme Court declared the presidency vacant. Arroyo was sworn in on the same day as the 14th president of the Philippines by Supreme Court Chief JusticeHilario Davide, Jr. In her speech before the people at EDSA, Arroyo reiterated the following principles that her administration will pursue: * being bold in national ambition to win the fight against poverty * improve the moral standards of government and society to provide a strong foundation for good governance * change the politics of personality and patronage to a politics of to a new politics of party programs and process of dialogue with the people * promote leadership by example and solid traits such as work ethic and a dignified lifestyle, matching action to rhetoric, and performing rather...
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