. In terms of wealth the disparity between rich and poor nations of the world, of the global village we supposedly live in, has only grown. The map of the world below, from the United Nations Development Programme based on the Gini coefficient clearly shows the preponderance of wealth and the inequality that exists. ‘The Gini coefficient is a measure of income inequality that ranges between 0, indicating perfect equality, and 1, indicating complete inequality.’ (UNDP, 2003: 39)
The report continues to note that the ‘richest 5% of the world’s people receive 114 times the income of the poorest 5%. The richest 1% receive as much as the poorest 57%.’ (UNDP, 2003: 39) Cleary economically the world we are living in is not globalised, it is unjust. To return to the basic definition of what it is to globalise wealth has not been made worldwide in scope or application, this is not the case with the distribution of wealth.
Another frequently cited aspect of globalisation and the idea that we are more than ever living in a global village is increase in information communications technologies and in particular the advent of the internet. While it is not questioned the there has been growth in this area as the chart below taken from the United Nations Development Programme Human Development Report (UNDP, 2001: 32) clearly shows.
However the use of the internet is by no means a global phenomenon, at least not on an equitable level. The chart below clearly shows the use of new information communications technologies is primarily in the Western developed world. Therefore in this sense the Western world maybe more connected, but in terms of a global village, this is clearly not the case.
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